blob: 325f8d229141e8778be4ac8708981fc9515a3fa5 [file] [log] [blame]
/* GRegex -- regular expression API wrapper around PCRE.
*
* Copyright (C) 1999, 2000 Scott Wimer
* Copyright (C) 2004, Matthias Clasen <mclasen@redhat.com>
* Copyright (C) 2005 - 2007, Marco Barisione <marco@barisione.org>
*
* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include "config.h"
#include <string.h>
#ifdef USE_SYSTEM_PCRE
#include <pcre.h>
#else
#include "pcre/pcre.h"
#endif
#include "gtypes.h"
#include "gregex.h"
#include "glibintl.h"
#include "glist.h"
#include "gmessages.h"
#include "gstrfuncs.h"
#include "gatomic.h"
#include "gthread.h"
/**
* SECTION:gregex
* @title: Perl-compatible regular expressions
* @short_description: matches strings against regular expressions
* @see_also: [Regular expression syntax][glib-regex-syntax]
*
* The g_regex_*() functions implement regular
* expression pattern matching using syntax and semantics similar to
* Perl regular expression.
*
* Some functions accept a @start_position argument, setting it differs
* from just passing over a shortened string and setting #G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTBOL
* in the case of a pattern that begins with any kind of lookbehind assertion.
* For example, consider the pattern "\Biss\B" which finds occurrences of "iss"
* in the middle of words. ("\B" matches only if the current position in the
* subject is not a word boundary.) When applied to the string "Mississipi"
* from the fourth byte, namely "issipi", it does not match, because "\B" is
* always false at the start of the subject, which is deemed to be a word
* boundary. However, if the entire string is passed , but with
* @start_position set to 4, it finds the second occurrence of "iss" because
* it is able to look behind the starting point to discover that it is
* preceded by a letter.
*
* Note that, unless you set the #G_REGEX_RAW flag, all the strings passed
* to these functions must be encoded in UTF-8. The lengths and the positions
* inside the strings are in bytes and not in characters, so, for instance,
* "\xc3\xa0" (i.e. "à") is two bytes long but it is treated as a
* single character. If you set #G_REGEX_RAW the strings can be non-valid
* UTF-8 strings and a byte is treated as a character, so "\xc3\xa0" is two
* bytes and two characters long.
*
* When matching a pattern, "\n" matches only against a "\n" character in
* the string, and "\r" matches only a "\r" character. To match any newline
* sequence use "\R". This particular group matches either the two-character
* sequence CR + LF ("\r\n"), or one of the single characters LF (linefeed,
* U+000A, "\n"), VT vertical tab, U+000B, "\v"), FF (formfeed, U+000C, "\f"),
* CR (carriage return, U+000D, "\r"), NEL (next line, U+0085), LS (line
* separator, U+2028), or PS (paragraph separator, U+2029).
*
* The behaviour of the dot, circumflex, and dollar metacharacters are
* affected by newline characters, the default is to recognize any newline
* character (the same characters recognized by "\R"). This can be changed
* with #G_REGEX_NEWLINE_CR, #G_REGEX_NEWLINE_LF and #G_REGEX_NEWLINE_CRLF
* compile options, and with #G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_ANY,
* #G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_CR, #G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_LF and
* #G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_CRLF match options. These settings are also
* relevant when compiling a pattern if #G_REGEX_EXTENDED is set, and an
* unescaped "#" outside a character class is encountered. This indicates
* a comment that lasts until after the next newline.
*
* When setting the %G_REGEX_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT flag, pattern syntax and pattern
* matching is changed to be compatible with the way that regular expressions
* work in JavaScript. More precisely, a lonely ']' character in the pattern
* is a syntax error; the '\x' escape only allows 0 to 2 hexadecimal digits, and
* you must use the '\u' escape sequence with 4 hex digits to specify a unicode
* codepoint instead of '\x' or 'x{....}'. If '\x' or '\u' are not followed by
* the specified number of hex digits, they match 'x' and 'u' literally; also
* '\U' always matches 'U' instead of being an error in the pattern. Finally,
* pattern matching is modified so that back references to an unset subpattern
* group produces a match with the empty string instead of an error. See
* pcreapi(3) for more information.
*
* Creating and manipulating the same #GRegex structure from different
* threads is not a problem as #GRegex does not modify its internal
* state between creation and destruction, on the other hand #GMatchInfo
* is not threadsafe.
*
* The regular expressions low-level functionalities are obtained through
* the excellent
* [PCRE](http://www.pcre.org/)
* library written by Philip Hazel.
*/
/* Mask of all the possible values for GRegexCompileFlags. */
#define G_REGEX_COMPILE_MASK (G_REGEX_CASELESS | \
G_REGEX_MULTILINE | \
G_REGEX_DOTALL | \
G_REGEX_EXTENDED | \
G_REGEX_ANCHORED | \
G_REGEX_DOLLAR_ENDONLY | \
G_REGEX_UNGREEDY | \
G_REGEX_RAW | \
G_REGEX_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE | \
G_REGEX_OPTIMIZE | \
G_REGEX_FIRSTLINE | \
G_REGEX_DUPNAMES | \
G_REGEX_NEWLINE_CR | \
G_REGEX_NEWLINE_LF | \
G_REGEX_NEWLINE_CRLF | \
G_REGEX_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF | \
G_REGEX_BSR_ANYCRLF | \
G_REGEX_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT)
/* Mask of all GRegexCompileFlags values that are (not) passed trough to PCRE */
#define G_REGEX_COMPILE_PCRE_MASK (G_REGEX_COMPILE_MASK & ~G_REGEX_COMPILE_NONPCRE_MASK)
#define G_REGEX_COMPILE_NONPCRE_MASK (G_REGEX_RAW | \
G_REGEX_OPTIMIZE)
/* Mask of all the possible values for GRegexMatchFlags. */
#define G_REGEX_MATCH_MASK (G_REGEX_MATCH_ANCHORED | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTBOL | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTEOL | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTEMPTY | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_CR | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_LF | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_CRLF | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_ANY | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_BSR_ANYCRLF | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_BSR_ANY | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_SOFT | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_HARD | \
G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART)
/* we rely on these flags having the same values */
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_CASELESS == PCRE_CASELESS);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MULTILINE == PCRE_MULTILINE);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_DOTALL == PCRE_DOTALL);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_EXTENDED == PCRE_EXTENDED);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_ANCHORED == PCRE_ANCHORED);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_DOLLAR_ENDONLY == PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_UNGREEDY == PCRE_UNGREEDY);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE == PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_FIRSTLINE == PCRE_FIRSTLINE);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_DUPNAMES == PCRE_DUPNAMES);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_NEWLINE_CR == PCRE_NEWLINE_CR);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_NEWLINE_LF == PCRE_NEWLINE_LF);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_NEWLINE_CRLF == PCRE_NEWLINE_CRLF);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF == PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_BSR_ANYCRLF == PCRE_BSR_ANYCRLF);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT == PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_ANCHORED == PCRE_ANCHORED);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTBOL == PCRE_NOTBOL);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTEOL == PCRE_NOTEOL);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTEMPTY == PCRE_NOTEMPTY);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL == PCRE_PARTIAL);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_CR == PCRE_NEWLINE_CR);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_LF == PCRE_NEWLINE_LF);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_CRLF == PCRE_NEWLINE_CRLF);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_ANY == PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF == PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_BSR_ANYCRLF == PCRE_BSR_ANYCRLF);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_BSR_ANY == PCRE_BSR_UNICODE);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_SOFT == PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_HARD == PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART == PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART);
/* These PCRE flags are unused or not exposed publically in GRegexFlags, so
* it should be ok to reuse them for different things.
*/
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_OPTIMIZE == PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK);
G_STATIC_ASSERT (G_REGEX_RAW == PCRE_UTF8);
/* if the string is in UTF-8 use g_utf8_ functions, else use
* use just +/- 1. */
#define NEXT_CHAR(re, s) (((re)->compile_opts & G_REGEX_RAW) ? \
((s) + 1) : \
g_utf8_next_char (s))
#define PREV_CHAR(re, s) (((re)->compile_opts & G_REGEX_RAW) ? \
((s) - 1) : \
g_utf8_prev_char (s))
struct _GMatchInfo
{
volatile gint ref_count; /* the ref count */
GRegex *regex; /* the regex */
GRegexMatchFlags match_opts; /* options used at match time on the regex */
gint matches; /* number of matching sub patterns */
gint pos; /* position in the string where last match left off */
gint n_offsets; /* number of offsets */
gint *offsets; /* array of offsets paired 0,1 ; 2,3 ; 3,4 etc */
gint *workspace; /* workspace for pcre_dfa_exec() */
gint n_workspace; /* number of workspace elements */
const gchar *string; /* string passed to the match function */
gssize string_len; /* length of string */
};
struct _GRegex
{
volatile gint ref_count; /* the ref count for the immutable part */
gchar *pattern; /* the pattern */
pcre *pcre_re; /* compiled form of the pattern */
GRegexCompileFlags compile_opts; /* options used at compile time on the pattern */
GRegexMatchFlags match_opts; /* options used at match time on the regex */
pcre_extra *extra; /* data stored when G_REGEX_OPTIMIZE is used */
};
/* TRUE if ret is an error code, FALSE otherwise. */
#define IS_PCRE_ERROR(ret) ((ret) < PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH && (ret) != PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL)
typedef struct _InterpolationData InterpolationData;
static gboolean interpolation_list_needs_match (GList *list);
static gboolean interpolate_replacement (const GMatchInfo *match_info,
GString *result,
gpointer data);
static GList *split_replacement (const gchar *replacement,
GError **error);
static void free_interpolation_data (InterpolationData *data);
static const gchar *
match_error (gint errcode)
{
switch (errcode)
{
case PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH:
/* not an error */
break;
case PCRE_ERROR_NULL:
/* NULL argument, this should not happen in GRegex */
g_warning ("A NULL argument was passed to PCRE");
break;
case PCRE_ERROR_BADOPTION:
return "bad options";
case PCRE_ERROR_BADMAGIC:
return _("corrupted object");
case PCRE_ERROR_UNKNOWN_OPCODE:
return N_("internal error or corrupted object");
case PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY:
return _("out of memory");
case PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING:
/* not used by pcre_exec() */
break;
case PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT:
return _("backtracking limit reached");
case PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT:
/* callouts are not implemented */
break;
case PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8:
case PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET:
/* we do not check if strings are valid */
break;
case PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL:
/* not an error */
break;
case PCRE_ERROR_BADPARTIAL:
return _("the pattern contains items not supported for partial matching");
case PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL:
return _("internal error");
case PCRE_ERROR_BADCOUNT:
/* negative ovecsize, this should not happen in GRegex */
g_warning ("A negative ovecsize was passed to PCRE");
break;
case PCRE_ERROR_DFA_UITEM:
return _("the pattern contains items not supported for partial matching");
case PCRE_ERROR_DFA_UCOND:
return _("back references as conditions are not supported for partial matching");
case PCRE_ERROR_DFA_UMLIMIT:
/* the match_field field is not used in GRegex */
break;
case PCRE_ERROR_DFA_WSSIZE:
/* handled expanding the workspace */
break;
case PCRE_ERROR_DFA_RECURSE:
case PCRE_ERROR_RECURSIONLIMIT:
return _("recursion limit reached");
case PCRE_ERROR_BADNEWLINE:
return _("invalid combination of newline flags");
case PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET:
return _("bad offset");
case PCRE_ERROR_SHORTUTF8:
return _("short utf8");
case PCRE_ERROR_RECURSELOOP:
return _("recursion loop");
default:
break;
}
return _("unknown error");
}
static void
translate_compile_error (gint *errcode, const gchar **errmsg)
{
/* Compile errors are created adding 100 to the error code returned
* by PCRE.
* If errcode is known we put the translatable error message in
* erromsg. If errcode is unknown we put the generic
* G_REGEX_ERROR_COMPILE error code in errcode and keep the
* untranslated error message returned by PCRE.
* Note that there can be more PCRE errors with the same GRegexError
* and that some PCRE errors are useless for us.
*/
*errcode += 100;
switch (*errcode)
{
case G_REGEX_ERROR_STRAY_BACKSLASH:
*errmsg = _("\\ at end of pattern");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_MISSING_CONTROL_CHAR:
*errmsg = _("\\c at end of pattern");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_UNRECOGNIZED_ESCAPE:
*errmsg = _("unrecognized character following \\");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_QUANTIFIERS_OUT_OF_ORDER:
*errmsg = _("numbers out of order in {} quantifier");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_QUANTIFIER_TOO_BIG:
*errmsg = _("number too big in {} quantifier");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_UNTERMINATED_CHARACTER_CLASS:
*errmsg = _("missing terminating ] for character class");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_INVALID_ESCAPE_IN_CHARACTER_CLASS:
*errmsg = _("invalid escape sequence in character class");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_RANGE_OUT_OF_ORDER:
*errmsg = _("range out of order in character class");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_NOTHING_TO_REPEAT:
*errmsg = _("nothing to repeat");
break;
case 111: /* internal error: unexpected repeat */
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_INTERNAL;
*errmsg = _("unexpected repeat");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_UNRECOGNIZED_CHARACTER:
*errmsg = _("unrecognized character after (? or (?-");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_POSIX_NAMED_CLASS_OUTSIDE_CLASS:
*errmsg = _("POSIX named classes are supported only within a class");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_UNMATCHED_PARENTHESIS:
*errmsg = _("missing terminating )");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_INEXISTENT_SUBPATTERN_REFERENCE:
*errmsg = _("reference to non-existent subpattern");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_UNTERMINATED_COMMENT:
*errmsg = _("missing ) after comment");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_EXPRESSION_TOO_LARGE:
*errmsg = _("regular expression is too large");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_MEMORY_ERROR:
*errmsg = _("failed to get memory");
break;
case 122: /* unmatched parentheses */
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_UNMATCHED_PARENTHESIS;
*errmsg = _(") without opening (");
break;
case 123: /* internal error: code overflow */
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_INTERNAL;
*errmsg = _("code overflow");
break;
case 124: /* "unrecognized character after (?<\0 */
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_UNRECOGNIZED_CHARACTER;
*errmsg = _("unrecognized character after (?<");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_VARIABLE_LENGTH_LOOKBEHIND:
*errmsg = _("lookbehind assertion is not fixed length");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_MALFORMED_CONDITION:
*errmsg = _("malformed number or name after (?(");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_TOO_MANY_CONDITIONAL_BRANCHES:
*errmsg = _("conditional group contains more than two branches");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_ASSERTION_EXPECTED:
*errmsg = _("assertion expected after (?(");
break;
case 129:
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_UNMATCHED_PARENTHESIS;
/* translators: '(?R' and '(?[+-]digits' are both meant as (groups of)
* sequences here, '(?-54' would be an example for the second group.
*/
*errmsg = _("(?R or (?[+-]digits must be followed by )");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_UNKNOWN_POSIX_CLASS_NAME:
*errmsg = _("unknown POSIX class name");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_POSIX_COLLATING_ELEMENTS_NOT_SUPPORTED:
*errmsg = _("POSIX collating elements are not supported");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_HEX_CODE_TOO_LARGE:
*errmsg = _("character value in \\x{...} sequence is too large");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_INVALID_CONDITION:
*errmsg = _("invalid condition (?(0)");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_SINGLE_BYTE_MATCH_IN_LOOKBEHIND:
*errmsg = _("\\C not allowed in lookbehind assertion");
break;
case 137: /* PCRE does not support \\L, \\l, \\N{name}, \\U, or \\u\0 */
/* A number of Perl escapes are not handled by PCRE.
* Therefore it explicitly raises ERR37.
*/
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_UNRECOGNIZED_ESCAPE;
*errmsg = _("escapes \\L, \\l, \\N{name}, \\U, and \\u are not supported");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_INFINITE_LOOP:
*errmsg = _("recursive call could loop indefinitely");
break;
case 141: /* unrecognized character after (?P\0 */
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_UNRECOGNIZED_CHARACTER;
*errmsg = _("unrecognized character after (?P");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_MISSING_SUBPATTERN_NAME_TERMINATOR:
*errmsg = _("missing terminator in subpattern name");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_DUPLICATE_SUBPATTERN_NAME:
*errmsg = _("two named subpatterns have the same name");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_MALFORMED_PROPERTY:
*errmsg = _("malformed \\P or \\p sequence");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_UNKNOWN_PROPERTY:
*errmsg = _("unknown property name after \\P or \\p");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_SUBPATTERN_NAME_TOO_LONG:
*errmsg = _("subpattern name is too long (maximum 32 characters)");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_TOO_MANY_SUBPATTERNS:
*errmsg = _("too many named subpatterns (maximum 10,000)");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_INVALID_OCTAL_VALUE:
*errmsg = _("octal value is greater than \\377");
break;
case 152: /* internal error: overran compiling workspace */
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_INTERNAL;
*errmsg = _("overran compiling workspace");
break;
case 153: /* internal error: previously-checked referenced subpattern not found */
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_INTERNAL;
*errmsg = _("previously-checked referenced subpattern not found");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_TOO_MANY_BRANCHES_IN_DEFINE:
*errmsg = _("DEFINE group contains more than one branch");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_INCONSISTENT_NEWLINE_OPTIONS:
*errmsg = _("inconsistent NEWLINE options");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_MISSING_BACK_REFERENCE:
*errmsg = _("\\g is not followed by a braced, angle-bracketed, or quoted name or "
"number, or by a plain number");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_INVALID_RELATIVE_REFERENCE:
*errmsg = _("a numbered reference must not be zero");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_BACKTRACKING_CONTROL_VERB_ARGUMENT_FORBIDDEN:
*errmsg = _("an argument is not allowed for (*ACCEPT), (*FAIL), or (*COMMIT)");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_UNKNOWN_BACKTRACKING_CONTROL_VERB:
*errmsg = _("(*VERB) not recognized");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_NUMBER_TOO_BIG:
*errmsg = _("number is too big");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_MISSING_SUBPATTERN_NAME:
*errmsg = _("missing subpattern name after (?&");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_MISSING_DIGIT:
*errmsg = _("digit expected after (?+");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_INVALID_DATA_CHARACTER:
*errmsg = _("] is an invalid data character in JavaScript compatibility mode");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_EXTRA_SUBPATTERN_NAME:
*errmsg = _("different names for subpatterns of the same number are not allowed");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_BACKTRACKING_CONTROL_VERB_ARGUMENT_REQUIRED:
*errmsg = _("(*MARK) must have an argument");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_INVALID_CONTROL_CHAR:
*errmsg = _( "\\c must be followed by an ASCII character");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_MISSING_NAME:
*errmsg = _("\\k is not followed by a braced, angle-bracketed, or quoted name");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_NOT_SUPPORTED_IN_CLASS:
*errmsg = _("\\N is not supported in a class");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_TOO_MANY_FORWARD_REFERENCES:
*errmsg = _("too many forward references");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_NAME_TOO_LONG:
*errmsg = _("name is too long in (*MARK), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP), or (*THEN)");
break;
case G_REGEX_ERROR_CHARACTER_VALUE_TOO_LARGE:
*errmsg = _("character value in \\u.... sequence is too large");
break;
case 116: /* erroffset passed as NULL */
/* This should not happen as we never pass a NULL erroffset */
g_warning ("erroffset passed as NULL");
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_COMPILE;
break;
case 117: /* unknown option bit(s) set */
/* This should not happen as we check options before passing them
* to pcre_compile2() */
g_warning ("unknown option bit(s) set");
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_COMPILE;
break;
case 132: /* this version of PCRE is compiled without UTF support */
case 144: /* invalid UTF-8 string */
case 145: /* support for \\P, \\p, and \\X has not been compiled */
case 167: /* this version of PCRE is not compiled with Unicode property support */
case 173: /* disallowed Unicode code point (>= 0xd800 && <= 0xdfff) */
case 174: /* invalid UTF-16 string */
/* These errors should not happen as we are using an UTF-8 and UCP-enabled PCRE
* and we do not check if strings are valid */
case 170: /* internal error: unknown opcode in find_fixedlength() */
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_INTERNAL;
break;
default:
*errcode = G_REGEX_ERROR_COMPILE;
}
}
/* GMatchInfo */
static GMatchInfo *
match_info_new (const GRegex *regex,
const gchar *string,
gint string_len,
gint start_position,
gint match_options,
gboolean is_dfa)
{
GMatchInfo *match_info;
if (string_len < 0)
string_len = strlen (string);
match_info = g_new0 (GMatchInfo, 1);
match_info->ref_count = 1;
match_info->regex = g_regex_ref ((GRegex *)regex);
match_info->string = string;
match_info->string_len = string_len;
match_info->matches = PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH;
match_info->pos = start_position;
match_info->match_opts = match_options;
if (is_dfa)
{
/* These values should be enough for most cases, if they are not
* enough g_regex_match_all_full() will expand them. */
match_info->n_offsets = 24;
match_info->n_workspace = 100;
match_info->workspace = g_new (gint, match_info->n_workspace);
}
else
{
gint capture_count;
pcre_fullinfo (regex->pcre_re, regex->extra,
PCRE_INFO_CAPTURECOUNT, &capture_count);
match_info->n_offsets = (capture_count + 1) * 3;
}
match_info->offsets = g_new0 (gint, match_info->n_offsets);
/* Set an invalid position for the previous match. */
match_info->offsets[0] = -1;
match_info->offsets[1] = -1;
return match_info;
}
/**
* g_match_info_get_regex:
* @match_info: a #GMatchInfo
*
* Returns #GRegex object used in @match_info. It belongs to Glib
* and must not be freed. Use g_regex_ref() if you need to keep it
* after you free @match_info object.
*
* Returns: #GRegex object used in @match_info
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
GRegex *
g_match_info_get_regex (const GMatchInfo *match_info)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info != NULL, NULL);
return match_info->regex;
}
/**
* g_match_info_get_string:
* @match_info: a #GMatchInfo
*
* Returns the string searched with @match_info. This is the
* string passed to g_regex_match() or g_regex_replace() so
* you may not free it before calling this function.
*
* Returns: the string searched with @match_info
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
const gchar *
g_match_info_get_string (const GMatchInfo *match_info)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info != NULL, NULL);
return match_info->string;
}
/**
* g_match_info_ref:
* @match_info: a #GMatchInfo
*
* Increases reference count of @match_info by 1.
*
* Returns: @match_info
*
* Since: 2.30
*/
GMatchInfo *
g_match_info_ref (GMatchInfo *match_info)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info != NULL, NULL);
g_atomic_int_inc (&match_info->ref_count);
return match_info;
}
/**
* g_match_info_unref:
* @match_info: a #GMatchInfo
*
* Decreases reference count of @match_info by 1. When reference count drops
* to zero, it frees all the memory associated with the match_info structure.
*
* Since: 2.30
*/
void
g_match_info_unref (GMatchInfo *match_info)
{
if (g_atomic_int_dec_and_test (&match_info->ref_count))
{
g_regex_unref (match_info->regex);
g_free (match_info->offsets);
g_free (match_info->workspace);
g_free (match_info);
}
}
/**
* g_match_info_free:
* @match_info: (allow-none): a #GMatchInfo, or %NULL
*
* If @match_info is not %NULL, calls g_match_info_unref(); otherwise does
* nothing.
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
void
g_match_info_free (GMatchInfo *match_info)
{
if (match_info == NULL)
return;
g_match_info_unref (match_info);
}
/**
* g_match_info_next:
* @match_info: a #GMatchInfo structure
* @error: location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to ignore errors
*
* Scans for the next match using the same parameters of the previous
* call to g_regex_match_full() or g_regex_match() that returned
* @match_info.
*
* The match is done on the string passed to the match function, so you
* cannot free it before calling this function.
*
* Returns: %TRUE is the string matched, %FALSE otherwise
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gboolean
g_match_info_next (GMatchInfo *match_info,
GError **error)
{
gint prev_match_start;
gint prev_match_end;
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info != NULL, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail (error == NULL || *error == NULL, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info->pos >= 0, FALSE);
prev_match_start = match_info->offsets[0];
prev_match_end = match_info->offsets[1];
if (match_info->pos > match_info->string_len)
{
/* we have reached the end of the string */
match_info->pos = -1;
match_info->matches = PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH;
return FALSE;
}
match_info->matches = pcre_exec (match_info->regex->pcre_re,
match_info->regex->extra,
match_info->string,
match_info->string_len,
match_info->pos,
match_info->regex->match_opts | match_info->match_opts,
match_info->offsets,
match_info->n_offsets);
if (IS_PCRE_ERROR (match_info->matches))
{
g_set_error (error, G_REGEX_ERROR, G_REGEX_ERROR_MATCH,
_("Error while matching regular expression %s: %s"),
match_info->regex->pattern, match_error (match_info->matches));
return FALSE;
}
/* avoid infinite loops if the pattern is an empty string or something
* equivalent */
if (match_info->pos == match_info->offsets[1])
{
if (match_info->pos > match_info->string_len)
{
/* we have reached the end of the string */
match_info->pos = -1;
match_info->matches = PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH;
return FALSE;
}
match_info->pos = NEXT_CHAR (match_info->regex,
&match_info->string[match_info->pos]) -
match_info->string;
}
else
{
match_info->pos = match_info->offsets[1];
}
/* it's possible to get two identical matches when we are matching
* empty strings, for instance if the pattern is "(?=[A-Z0-9])" and
* the string is "RegExTest" we have:
* - search at position 0: match from 0 to 0
* - search at position 1: match from 3 to 3
* - search at position 3: match from 3 to 3 (duplicate)
* - search at position 4: match from 5 to 5
* - search at position 5: match from 5 to 5 (duplicate)
* - search at position 6: no match -> stop
* so we have to ignore the duplicates.
* see bug #515944: http://bugzilla.gnome.org/show_bug.cgi?id=515944 */
if (match_info->matches >= 0 &&
prev_match_start == match_info->offsets[0] &&
prev_match_end == match_info->offsets[1])
{
/* ignore this match and search the next one */
return g_match_info_next (match_info, error);
}
return match_info->matches >= 0;
}
/**
* g_match_info_matches:
* @match_info: a #GMatchInfo structure
*
* Returns whether the previous match operation succeeded.
*
* Returns: %TRUE if the previous match operation succeeded,
* %FALSE otherwise
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gboolean
g_match_info_matches (const GMatchInfo *match_info)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info != NULL, FALSE);
return match_info->matches >= 0;
}
/**
* g_match_info_get_match_count:
* @match_info: a #GMatchInfo structure
*
* Retrieves the number of matched substrings (including substring 0,
* that is the whole matched text), so 1 is returned if the pattern
* has no substrings in it and 0 is returned if the match failed.
*
* If the last match was obtained using the DFA algorithm, that is
* using g_regex_match_all() or g_regex_match_all_full(), the retrieved
* count is not that of the number of capturing parentheses but that of
* the number of matched substrings.
*
* Returns: Number of matched substrings, or -1 if an error occurred
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gint
g_match_info_get_match_count (const GMatchInfo *match_info)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info, -1);
if (match_info->matches == PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH)
/* no match */
return 0;
else if (match_info->matches < PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH)
/* error */
return -1;
else
/* match */
return match_info->matches;
}
/**
* g_match_info_is_partial_match:
* @match_info: a #GMatchInfo structure
*
* Usually if the string passed to g_regex_match*() matches as far as
* it goes, but is too short to match the entire pattern, %FALSE is
* returned. There are circumstances where it might be helpful to
* distinguish this case from other cases in which there is no match.
*
* Consider, for example, an application where a human is required to
* type in data for a field with specific formatting requirements. An
* example might be a date in the form ddmmmyy, defined by the pattern
* "^\d?\d(jan|feb|mar|apr|may|jun|jul|aug|sep|oct|nov|dec)\d\d$".
* If the application sees the user’s keystrokes one by one, and can
* check that what has been typed so far is potentially valid, it is
* able to raise an error as soon as a mistake is made.
*
* GRegex supports the concept of partial matching by means of the
* #G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_SOFT and #G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_HARD flags.
* When they are used, the return code for
* g_regex_match() or g_regex_match_full() is, as usual, %TRUE
* for a complete match, %FALSE otherwise. But, when these functions
* return %FALSE, you can check if the match was partial calling
* g_match_info_is_partial_match().
*
* The difference between #G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_SOFT and
* #G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_HARD is that when a partial match is encountered
* with #G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_SOFT, matching continues to search for a
* possible complete match, while with #G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_HARD matching
* stops at the partial match.
* When both #G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_SOFT and #G_REGEX_MATCH_PARTIAL_HARD
* are set, the latter takes precedence.
*
* There were formerly some restrictions on the pattern for partial matching.
* The restrictions no longer apply.
*
* See pcrepartial(3) for more information on partial matching.
*
* Returns: %TRUE if the match was partial, %FALSE otherwise
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gboolean
g_match_info_is_partial_match (const GMatchInfo *match_info)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info != NULL, FALSE);
return match_info->matches == PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL;
}
/**
* g_match_info_expand_references:
* @match_info: (allow-none): a #GMatchInfo or %NULL
* @string_to_expand: the string to expand
* @error: location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to ignore errors
*
* Returns a new string containing the text in @string_to_expand with
* references and escape sequences expanded. References refer to the last
* match done with @string against @regex and have the same syntax used by
* g_regex_replace().
*
* The @string_to_expand must be UTF-8 encoded even if #G_REGEX_RAW was
* passed to g_regex_new().
*
* The backreferences are extracted from the string passed to the match
* function, so you cannot call this function after freeing the string.
*
* @match_info may be %NULL in which case @string_to_expand must not
* contain references. For instance "foo\n" does not refer to an actual
* pattern and '\n' merely will be replaced with \n character,
* while to expand "\0" (whole match) one needs the result of a match.
* Use g_regex_check_replacement() to find out whether @string_to_expand
* contains references.
*
* Returns: (allow-none): the expanded string, or %NULL if an error occurred
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gchar *
g_match_info_expand_references (const GMatchInfo *match_info,
const gchar *string_to_expand,
GError **error)
{
GString *result;
GList *list;
GError *tmp_error = NULL;
g_return_val_if_fail (string_to_expand != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (error == NULL || *error == NULL, NULL);
list = split_replacement (string_to_expand, &tmp_error);
if (tmp_error != NULL)
{
g_propagate_error (error, tmp_error);
return NULL;
}
if (!match_info && interpolation_list_needs_match (list))
{
g_critical ("String '%s' contains references to the match, can't "
"expand references without GMatchInfo object",
string_to_expand);
return NULL;
}
result = g_string_sized_new (strlen (string_to_expand));
interpolate_replacement (match_info, result, list);
g_list_free_full (list, (GDestroyNotify) free_interpolation_data);
return g_string_free (result, FALSE);
}
/**
* g_match_info_fetch:
* @match_info: #GMatchInfo structure
* @match_num: number of the sub expression
*
* Retrieves the text matching the @match_num'th capturing
* parentheses. 0 is the full text of the match, 1 is the first paren
* set, 2 the second, and so on.
*
* If @match_num is a valid sub pattern but it didn't match anything
* (e.g. sub pattern 1, matching "b" against "(a)?b") then an empty
* string is returned.
*
* If the match was obtained using the DFA algorithm, that is using
* g_regex_match_all() or g_regex_match_all_full(), the retrieved
* string is not that of a set of parentheses but that of a matched
* substring. Substrings are matched in reverse order of length, so
* 0 is the longest match.
*
* The string is fetched from the string passed to the match function,
* so you cannot call this function after freeing the string.
*
* Returns: (allow-none): The matched substring, or %NULL if an error
* occurred. You have to free the string yourself
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gchar *
g_match_info_fetch (const GMatchInfo *match_info,
gint match_num)
{
/* we cannot use pcre_get_substring() because it allocates the
* string using pcre_malloc(). */
gchar *match = NULL;
gint start, end;
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (match_num >= 0, NULL);
/* match_num does not exist or it didn't matched, i.e. matching "b"
* against "(a)?b" then group 0 is empty. */
if (!g_match_info_fetch_pos (match_info, match_num, &start, &end))
match = NULL;
else if (start == -1)
match = g_strdup ("");
else
match = g_strndup (&match_info->string[start], end - start);
return match;
}
/**
* g_match_info_fetch_pos:
* @match_info: #GMatchInfo structure
* @match_num: number of the sub expression
* @start_pos: (out) (allow-none): pointer to location where to store
* the start position, or %NULL
* @end_pos: (out) (allow-none): pointer to location where to store
* the end position, or %NULL
*
* Retrieves the position in bytes of the @match_num'th capturing
* parentheses. 0 is the full text of the match, 1 is the first
* paren set, 2 the second, and so on.
*
* If @match_num is a valid sub pattern but it didn't match anything
* (e.g. sub pattern 1, matching "b" against "(a)?b") then @start_pos
* and @end_pos are set to -1 and %TRUE is returned.
*
* If the match was obtained using the DFA algorithm, that is using
* g_regex_match_all() or g_regex_match_all_full(), the retrieved
* position is not that of a set of parentheses but that of a matched
* substring. Substrings are matched in reverse order of length, so
* 0 is the longest match.
*
* Returns: %TRUE if the position was fetched, %FALSE otherwise. If
* the position cannot be fetched, @start_pos and @end_pos are left
* unchanged
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gboolean
g_match_info_fetch_pos (const GMatchInfo *match_info,
gint match_num,
gint *start_pos,
gint *end_pos)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info != NULL, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail (match_num >= 0, FALSE);
/* make sure the sub expression number they're requesting is less than
* the total number of sub expressions that were matched. */
if (match_num >= match_info->matches)
return FALSE;
if (start_pos != NULL)
*start_pos = match_info->offsets[2 * match_num];
if (end_pos != NULL)
*end_pos = match_info->offsets[2 * match_num + 1];
return TRUE;
}
/*
* Returns number of first matched subpattern with name @name.
* There may be more than one in case when DUPNAMES is used,
* and not all subpatterns with that name match;
* pcre_get_stringnumber() does not work in that case.
*/
static gint
get_matched_substring_number (const GMatchInfo *match_info,
const gchar *name)
{
gint entrysize;
gchar *first, *last;
guchar *entry;
if (!(match_info->regex->compile_opts & G_REGEX_DUPNAMES))
return pcre_get_stringnumber (match_info->regex->pcre_re, name);
/* This code is copied from pcre_get.c: get_first_set() */
entrysize = pcre_get_stringtable_entries (match_info->regex->pcre_re,
name,
&first,
&last);
if (entrysize <= 0)
return entrysize;
for (entry = (guchar*) first; entry <= (guchar*) last; entry += entrysize)
{
gint n = (entry[0] << 8) + entry[1];
if (match_info->offsets[n*2] >= 0)
return n;
}
return (first[0] << 8) + first[1];
}
/**
* g_match_info_fetch_named:
* @match_info: #GMatchInfo structure
* @name: name of the subexpression
*
* Retrieves the text matching the capturing parentheses named @name.
*
* If @name is a valid sub pattern name but it didn't match anything
* (e.g. sub pattern "X", matching "b" against "(?P<X>a)?b")
* then an empty string is returned.
*
* The string is fetched from the string passed to the match function,
* so you cannot call this function after freeing the string.
*
* Returns: (allow-none): The matched substring, or %NULL if an error
* occurred. You have to free the string yourself
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gchar *
g_match_info_fetch_named (const GMatchInfo *match_info,
const gchar *name)
{
/* we cannot use pcre_get_named_substring() because it allocates the
* string using pcre_malloc(). */
gint num;
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (name != NULL, NULL);
num = get_matched_substring_number (match_info, name);
if (num < 0)
return NULL;
else
return g_match_info_fetch (match_info, num);
}
/**
* g_match_info_fetch_named_pos:
* @match_info: #GMatchInfo structure
* @name: name of the subexpression
* @start_pos: (out) (allow-none): pointer to location where to store
* the start position, or %NULL
* @end_pos: (out) (allow-none): pointer to location where to store
* the end position, or %NULL
*
* Retrieves the position in bytes of the capturing parentheses named @name.
*
* If @name is a valid sub pattern name but it didn't match anything
* (e.g. sub pattern "X", matching "b" against "(?P<X>a)?b")
* then @start_pos and @end_pos are set to -1 and %TRUE is returned.
*
* Returns: %TRUE if the position was fetched, %FALSE otherwise.
* If the position cannot be fetched, @start_pos and @end_pos
* are left unchanged.
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gboolean
g_match_info_fetch_named_pos (const GMatchInfo *match_info,
const gchar *name,
gint *start_pos,
gint *end_pos)
{
gint num;
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info != NULL, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail (name != NULL, FALSE);
num = get_matched_substring_number (match_info, name);
if (num < 0)
return FALSE;
return g_match_info_fetch_pos (match_info, num, start_pos, end_pos);
}
/**
* g_match_info_fetch_all:
* @match_info: a #GMatchInfo structure
*
* Bundles up pointers to each of the matching substrings from a match
* and stores them in an array of gchar pointers. The first element in
* the returned array is the match number 0, i.e. the entire matched
* text.
*
* If a sub pattern didn't match anything (e.g. sub pattern 1, matching
* "b" against "(a)?b") then an empty string is inserted.
*
* If the last match was obtained using the DFA algorithm, that is using
* g_regex_match_all() or g_regex_match_all_full(), the retrieved
* strings are not that matched by sets of parentheses but that of the
* matched substring. Substrings are matched in reverse order of length,
* so the first one is the longest match.
*
* The strings are fetched from the string passed to the match function,
* so you cannot call this function after freeing the string.
*
* Returns: (transfer full): a %NULL-terminated array of gchar *
* pointers. It must be freed using g_strfreev(). If the previous
* match failed %NULL is returned
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gchar **
g_match_info_fetch_all (const GMatchInfo *match_info)
{
/* we cannot use pcre_get_substring_list() because the returned value
* isn't suitable for g_strfreev(). */
gchar **result;
gint i;
g_return_val_if_fail (match_info != NULL, NULL);
if (match_info->matches < 0)
return NULL;
result = g_new (gchar *, match_info->matches + 1);
for (i = 0; i < match_info->matches; i++)
result[i] = g_match_info_fetch (match_info, i);
result[i] = NULL;
return result;
}
/* GRegex */
G_DEFINE_QUARK (g-regex-error-quark, g_regex_error)
/**
* g_regex_ref:
* @regex: a #GRegex
*
* Increases reference count of @regex by 1.
*
* Returns: @regex
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
GRegex *
g_regex_ref (GRegex *regex)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (regex != NULL, NULL);
g_atomic_int_inc (&regex->ref_count);
return regex;
}
/**
* g_regex_unref:
* @regex: a #GRegex
*
* Decreases reference count of @regex by 1. When reference count drops
* to zero, it frees all the memory associated with the regex structure.
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
void
g_regex_unref (GRegex *regex)
{
g_return_if_fail (regex != NULL);
if (g_atomic_int_dec_and_test (&regex->ref_count))
{
g_free (regex->pattern);
if (regex->pcre_re != NULL)
pcre_free (regex->pcre_re);
if (regex->extra != NULL)
pcre_free (regex->extra);
g_free (regex);
}
}
/*
* @match_options: (inout) (optional):
*/
static pcre *regex_compile (const gchar *pattern,
GRegexCompileFlags compile_options,
GRegexCompileFlags *compile_options_out,
GRegexMatchFlags *match_options,
GError **error);
/**
* g_regex_new:
* @pattern: the regular expression
* @compile_options: compile options for the regular expression, or 0
* @match_options: match options for the regular expression, or 0
* @error: return location for a #GError
*
* Compiles the regular expression to an internal form, and does
* the initial setup of the #GRegex structure.
*
* Returns: (nullable): a #GRegex structure or %NULL if an error occured. Call
* g_regex_unref() when you are done with it
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
GRegex *
g_regex_new (const gchar *pattern,
GRegexCompileFlags compile_options,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options,
GError **error)
{
GRegex *regex;
pcre *re;
const gchar *errmsg;
gboolean optimize = FALSE;
static volatile gsize initialised = 0;
g_return_val_if_fail (pattern != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (error == NULL || *error == NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail ((compile_options & ~G_REGEX_COMPILE_MASK) == 0, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail ((match_options & ~G_REGEX_MATCH_MASK) == 0, NULL);
if (g_once_init_enter (&initialised))
{
int supports_utf8, supports_ucp;
pcre_config (PCRE_CONFIG_UTF8, &supports_utf8);
if (!supports_utf8)
g_critical (_("PCRE library is compiled without UTF8 support"));
pcre_config (PCRE_CONFIG_UNICODE_PROPERTIES, &supports_ucp);
if (!supports_ucp)
g_critical (_("PCRE library is compiled without UTF8 properties support"));
g_once_init_leave (&initialised, supports_utf8 && supports_ucp ? 1 : 2);
}
if (G_UNLIKELY (initialised != 1))
{
g_set_error_literal (error, G_REGEX_ERROR, G_REGEX_ERROR_COMPILE,
_("PCRE library is compiled with incompatible options"));
return NULL;
}
/* G_REGEX_OPTIMIZE has the same numeric value of PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK,
* as we do not need to wrap PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK. */
if (compile_options & G_REGEX_OPTIMIZE)
optimize = TRUE;
re = regex_compile (pattern, compile_options, &compile_options,
&match_options, error);
if (re == NULL)
return NULL;
regex = g_new0 (GRegex, 1);
regex->ref_count = 1;
regex->pattern = g_strdup (pattern);
regex->pcre_re = re;
regex->compile_opts = compile_options;
regex->match_opts = match_options;
if (optimize)
{
regex->extra = pcre_study (regex->pcre_re, 0, &errmsg);
if (errmsg != NULL)
{
GError *tmp_error = g_error_new (G_REGEX_ERROR,
G_REGEX_ERROR_OPTIMIZE,
_("Error while optimizing "
"regular expression %s: %s"),
regex->pattern,
errmsg);
g_propagate_error (error, tmp_error);
g_regex_unref (regex);
return NULL;
}
}
return regex;
}
static pcre *
regex_compile (const gchar *pattern,
GRegexCompileFlags compile_options,
GRegexCompileFlags *compile_options_out,
GRegexMatchFlags *match_options,
GError **error)
{
pcre *re;
const gchar *errmsg;
gint erroffset;
gint errcode;
GRegexCompileFlags nonpcre_compile_options;
unsigned long int pcre_compile_options;
nonpcre_compile_options = compile_options & G_REGEX_COMPILE_NONPCRE_MASK;
/* In GRegex the string are, by default, UTF-8 encoded. PCRE
* instead uses UTF-8 only if required with PCRE_UTF8. */
if (compile_options & G_REGEX_RAW)
{
/* disable utf-8 */
compile_options &= ~G_REGEX_RAW;
}
else
{
/* enable utf-8 */
compile_options |= PCRE_UTF8 | PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK;
if (match_options != NULL)
*match_options |= PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK;
}
/* PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY is the default for the internal PCRE but
* not for the system one. */
if (!(compile_options & G_REGEX_NEWLINE_CR) &&
!(compile_options & G_REGEX_NEWLINE_LF))
{
compile_options |= PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY;
}
compile_options |= PCRE_UCP;
/* PCRE_BSR_UNICODE is the default for the internal PCRE but
* possibly not for the system one.
*/
if (~compile_options & G_REGEX_BSR_ANYCRLF)
compile_options |= PCRE_BSR_UNICODE;
/* compile the pattern */
re = pcre_compile2 (pattern, compile_options, &errcode,
&errmsg, &erroffset, NULL);
/* if the compilation failed, set the error member and return
* immediately */
if (re == NULL)
{
GError *tmp_error;
/* Translate the PCRE error code to GRegexError and use a translated
* error message if possible */
translate_compile_error (&errcode, &errmsg);
/* PCRE uses byte offsets but we want to show character offsets */
erroffset = g_utf8_pointer_to_offset (pattern, &pattern[erroffset]);
tmp_error = g_error_new (G_REGEX_ERROR, errcode,
_("Error while compiling regular "
"expression %s at char %d: %s"),
pattern, erroffset, errmsg);
g_propagate_error (error, tmp_error);
return NULL;
}
/* For options set at the beginning of the pattern, pcre puts them into
* compile options, e.g. "(?i)foo" will make the pcre structure store
* PCRE_CASELESS even though it wasn't explicitly given for compilation. */
pcre_fullinfo (re, NULL, PCRE_INFO_OPTIONS, &pcre_compile_options);
compile_options = pcre_compile_options & G_REGEX_COMPILE_PCRE_MASK;
/* Don't leak PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY, which is part of PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF */
if ((pcre_compile_options & PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF) != PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF)
compile_options &= ~PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY;
compile_options |= nonpcre_compile_options;
if (!(compile_options & G_REGEX_DUPNAMES))
{
gboolean jchanged = FALSE;
pcre_fullinfo (re, NULL, PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED, &jchanged);
if (jchanged)
compile_options |= G_REGEX_DUPNAMES;
}
if (compile_options_out != 0)
*compile_options_out = compile_options;
return re;
}
/**
* g_regex_get_pattern:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure
*
* Gets the pattern string associated with @regex, i.e. a copy of
* the string passed to g_regex_new().
*
* Returns: the pattern of @regex
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
const gchar *
g_regex_get_pattern (const GRegex *regex)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (regex != NULL, NULL);
return regex->pattern;
}
/**
* g_regex_get_max_backref:
* @regex: a #GRegex
*
* Returns the number of the highest back reference
* in the pattern, or 0 if the pattern does not contain
* back references.
*
* Returns: the number of the highest back reference
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gint
g_regex_get_max_backref (const GRegex *regex)
{
gint value;
pcre_fullinfo (regex->pcre_re, regex->extra,
PCRE_INFO_BACKREFMAX, &value);
return value;
}
/**
* g_regex_get_capture_count:
* @regex: a #GRegex
*
* Returns the number of capturing subpatterns in the pattern.
*
* Returns: the number of capturing subpatterns
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gint
g_regex_get_capture_count (const GRegex *regex)
{
gint value;
pcre_fullinfo (regex->pcre_re, regex->extra,
PCRE_INFO_CAPTURECOUNT, &value);
return value;
}
/**
* g_regex_get_has_cr_or_lf:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure
*
* Checks whether the pattern contains explicit CR or LF references.
*
* Returns: %TRUE if the pattern contains explicit CR or LF references
*
* Since: 2.34
*/
gboolean
g_regex_get_has_cr_or_lf (const GRegex *regex)
{
gint value;
pcre_fullinfo (regex->pcre_re, regex->extra,
PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF, &value);
return !!value;
}
/**
* g_regex_get_max_lookbehind:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure
*
* Gets the number of characters in the longest lookbehind assertion in the
* pattern. This information is useful when doing multi-segment matching using
* the partial matching facilities.
*
* Returns: the number of characters in the longest lookbehind assertion.
*
* Since: 2.38
*/
gint
g_regex_get_max_lookbehind (const GRegex *regex)
{
gint max_lookbehind;
pcre_fullinfo (regex->pcre_re, regex->extra,
PCRE_INFO_MAXLOOKBEHIND, &max_lookbehind);
return max_lookbehind;
}
/**
* g_regex_get_compile_flags:
* @regex: a #GRegex
*
* Returns the compile options that @regex was created with.
*
* Returns: flags from #GRegexCompileFlags
*
* Since: 2.26
*/
GRegexCompileFlags
g_regex_get_compile_flags (const GRegex *regex)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (regex != NULL, 0);
return regex->compile_opts;
}
/**
* g_regex_get_match_flags:
* @regex: a #GRegex
*
* Returns the match options that @regex was created with.
*
* Returns: flags from #GRegexMatchFlags
*
* Since: 2.26
*/
GRegexMatchFlags
g_regex_get_match_flags (const GRegex *regex)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (regex != NULL, 0);
return regex->match_opts & G_REGEX_MATCH_MASK;
}
/**
* g_regex_match_simple:
* @pattern: the regular expression
* @string: the string to scan for matches
* @compile_options: compile options for the regular expression, or 0
* @match_options: match options, or 0
*
* Scans for a match in @string for @pattern.
*
* This function is equivalent to g_regex_match() but it does not
* require to compile the pattern with g_regex_new(), avoiding some
* lines of code when you need just to do a match without extracting
* substrings, capture counts, and so on.
*
* If this function is to be called on the same @pattern more than
* once, it's more efficient to compile the pattern once with
* g_regex_new() and then use g_regex_match().
*
* Returns: %TRUE if the string matched, %FALSE otherwise
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gboolean
g_regex_match_simple (const gchar *pattern,
const gchar *string,
GRegexCompileFlags compile_options,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options)
{
GRegex *regex;
gboolean result;
regex = g_regex_new (pattern, compile_options, 0, NULL);
if (!regex)
return FALSE;
result = g_regex_match_full (regex, string, -1, 0, match_options, NULL, NULL);
g_regex_unref (regex);
return result;
}
/**
* g_regex_match:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure from g_regex_new()
* @string: the string to scan for matches
* @match_options: match options
* @match_info: (out) (allow-none): pointer to location where to store
* the #GMatchInfo, or %NULL if you do not need it
*
* Scans for a match in string for the pattern in @regex.
* The @match_options are combined with the match options specified
* when the @regex structure was created, letting you have more
* flexibility in reusing #GRegex structures.
*
* A #GMatchInfo structure, used to get information on the match,
* is stored in @match_info if not %NULL. Note that if @match_info
* is not %NULL then it is created even if the function returns %FALSE,
* i.e. you must free it regardless if regular expression actually matched.
*
* To retrieve all the non-overlapping matches of the pattern in
* string you can use g_match_info_next().
*
* |[<!-- language="C" -->
* static void
* print_uppercase_words (const gchar *string)
* {
* // Print all uppercase-only words.
* GRegex *regex;
* GMatchInfo *match_info;
*
* regex = g_regex_new ("[A-Z]+", 0, 0, NULL);
* g_regex_match (regex, string, 0, &match_info);
* while (g_match_info_matches (match_info))
* {
* gchar *word = g_match_info_fetch (match_info, 0);
* g_print ("Found: %s\n", word);
* g_free (word);
* g_match_info_next (match_info, NULL);
* }
* g_match_info_free (match_info);
* g_regex_unref (regex);
* }
* ]|
*
* @string is not copied and is used in #GMatchInfo internally. If
* you use any #GMatchInfo method (except g_match_info_free()) after
* freeing or modifying @string then the behaviour is undefined.
*
* Returns: %TRUE is the string matched, %FALSE otherwise
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gboolean
g_regex_match (const GRegex *regex,
const gchar *string,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options,
GMatchInfo **match_info)
{
return g_regex_match_full (regex, string, -1, 0, match_options,
match_info, NULL);
}
/**
* g_regex_match_full:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure from g_regex_new()
* @string: (array length=string_len): the string to scan for matches
* @string_len: the length of @string, or -1 if @string is nul-terminated
* @start_position: starting index of the string to match, in bytes
* @match_options: match options
* @match_info: (out) (allow-none): pointer to location where to store
* the #GMatchInfo, or %NULL if you do not need it
* @error: location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to ignore errors
*
* Scans for a match in string for the pattern in @regex.
* The @match_options are combined with the match options specified
* when the @regex structure was created, letting you have more
* flexibility in reusing #GRegex structures.
*
* Setting @start_position differs from just passing over a shortened
* string and setting #G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTBOL in the case of a pattern
* that begins with any kind of lookbehind assertion, such as "\b".
*
* A #GMatchInfo structure, used to get information on the match, is
* stored in @match_info if not %NULL. Note that if @match_info is
* not %NULL then it is created even if the function returns %FALSE,
* i.e. you must free it regardless if regular expression actually
* matched.
*
* @string is not copied and is used in #GMatchInfo internally. If
* you use any #GMatchInfo method (except g_match_info_free()) after
* freeing or modifying @string then the behaviour is undefined.
*
* To retrieve all the non-overlapping matches of the pattern in
* string you can use g_match_info_next().
*
* |[<!-- language="C" -->
* static void
* print_uppercase_words (const gchar *string)
* {
* // Print all uppercase-only words.
* GRegex *regex;
* GMatchInfo *match_info;
* GError *error = NULL;
*
* regex = g_regex_new ("[A-Z]+", 0, 0, NULL);
* g_regex_match_full (regex, string, -1, 0, 0, &match_info, &error);
* while (g_match_info_matches (match_info))
* {
* gchar *word = g_match_info_fetch (match_info, 0);
* g_print ("Found: %s\n", word);
* g_free (word);
* g_match_info_next (match_info, &error);
* }
* g_match_info_free (match_info);
* g_regex_unref (regex);
* if (error != NULL)
* {
* g_printerr ("Error while matching: %s\n", error->message);
* g_error_free (error);
* }
* }
* ]|
*
* Returns: %TRUE is the string matched, %FALSE otherwise
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gboolean
g_regex_match_full (const GRegex *regex,
const gchar *string,
gssize string_len,
gint start_position,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options,
GMatchInfo **match_info,
GError **error)
{
GMatchInfo *info;
gboolean match_ok;
g_return_val_if_fail (regex != NULL, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail (string != NULL, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail (start_position >= 0, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail (error == NULL || *error == NULL, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail ((match_options & ~G_REGEX_MATCH_MASK) == 0, FALSE);
info = match_info_new (regex, string, string_len, start_position,
match_options, FALSE);
match_ok = g_match_info_next (info, error);
if (match_info != NULL)
*match_info = info;
else
g_match_info_free (info);
return match_ok;
}
/**
* g_regex_match_all:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure from g_regex_new()
* @string: the string to scan for matches
* @match_options: match options
* @match_info: (out) (allow-none): pointer to location where to store
* the #GMatchInfo, or %NULL if you do not need it
*
* Using the standard algorithm for regular expression matching only
* the longest match in the string is retrieved. This function uses
* a different algorithm so it can retrieve all the possible matches.
* For more documentation see g_regex_match_all_full().
*
* A #GMatchInfo structure, used to get information on the match, is
* stored in @match_info if not %NULL. Note that if @match_info is
* not %NULL then it is created even if the function returns %FALSE,
* i.e. you must free it regardless if regular expression actually
* matched.
*
* @string is not copied and is used in #GMatchInfo internally. If
* you use any #GMatchInfo method (except g_match_info_free()) after
* freeing or modifying @string then the behaviour is undefined.
*
* Returns: %TRUE is the string matched, %FALSE otherwise
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gboolean
g_regex_match_all (const GRegex *regex,
const gchar *string,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options,
GMatchInfo **match_info)
{
return g_regex_match_all_full (regex, string, -1, 0, match_options,
match_info, NULL);
}
/**
* g_regex_match_all_full:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure from g_regex_new()
* @string: (array length=string_len): the string to scan for matches
* @string_len: the length of @string, or -1 if @string is nul-terminated
* @start_position: starting index of the string to match, in bytes
* @match_options: match options
* @match_info: (out) (allow-none): pointer to location where to store
* the #GMatchInfo, or %NULL if you do not need it
* @error: location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to ignore errors
*
* Using the standard algorithm for regular expression matching only
* the longest match in the string is retrieved, it is not possible
* to obtain all the available matches. For instance matching
* "<a> <b> <c>" against the pattern "<.*>"
* you get "<a> <b> <c>".
*
* This function uses a different algorithm (called DFA, i.e. deterministic
* finite automaton), so it can retrieve all the possible matches, all
* starting at the same point in the string. For instance matching
* "<a> <b> <c>" against the pattern "<.*>;"
* you would obtain three matches: "<a> <b> <c>",
* "<a> <b>" and "<a>".
*
* The number of matched strings is retrieved using
* g_match_info_get_match_count(). To obtain the matched strings and
* their position you can use, respectively, g_match_info_fetch() and
* g_match_info_fetch_pos(). Note that the strings are returned in
* reverse order of length; that is, the longest matching string is
* given first.
*
* Note that the DFA algorithm is slower than the standard one and it
* is not able to capture substrings, so backreferences do not work.
*
* Setting @start_position differs from just passing over a shortened
* string and setting #G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTBOL in the case of a pattern
* that begins with any kind of lookbehind assertion, such as "\b".
*
* A #GMatchInfo structure, used to get information on the match, is
* stored in @match_info if not %NULL. Note that if @match_info is
* not %NULL then it is created even if the function returns %FALSE,
* i.e. you must free it regardless if regular expression actually
* matched.
*
* @string is not copied and is used in #GMatchInfo internally. If
* you use any #GMatchInfo method (except g_match_info_free()) after
* freeing or modifying @string then the behaviour is undefined.
*
* Returns: %TRUE is the string matched, %FALSE otherwise
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gboolean
g_regex_match_all_full (const GRegex *regex,
const gchar *string,
gssize string_len,
gint start_position,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options,
GMatchInfo **match_info,
GError **error)
{
GMatchInfo *info;
gboolean done;
pcre *pcre_re;
pcre_extra *extra;
g_return_val_if_fail (regex != NULL, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail (string != NULL, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail (start_position >= 0, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail (error == NULL || *error == NULL, FALSE);
g_return_val_if_fail ((match_options & ~G_REGEX_MATCH_MASK) == 0, FALSE);
#ifdef PCRE_NO_AUTO_POSSESS
/* For PCRE >= 8.34 we need to turn off PCRE_NO_AUTO_POSSESS, which
* is an optimization for normal regex matching, but results in omitting
* some shorter matches here, and an observable behaviour change.
*
* DFA matching is rather niche, and very rarely used according to
* codesearch.debian.net, so don't bother caching the recompiled RE. */
pcre_re = regex_compile (regex->pattern,
regex->compile_opts | PCRE_NO_AUTO_POSSESS,
NULL, NULL, error);
if (pcre_re == NULL)
return FALSE;
/* Not bothering to cache the optimization data either, with similar
* reasoning */
extra = NULL;
#else
/* For PCRE < 8.33 the precompiled regex is fine. */
pcre_re = regex->pcre_re;
extra = regex->extra;
#endif
info = match_info_new (regex, string, string_len, start_position,
match_options, TRUE);
done = FALSE;
while (!done)
{
done = TRUE;
info->matches = pcre_dfa_exec (pcre_re, extra,
info->string, info->string_len,
info->pos,
regex->match_opts | match_options,
info->offsets, info->n_offsets,
info->workspace, info->n_workspace);
if (info->matches == PCRE_ERROR_DFA_WSSIZE)
{
/* info->workspace is too small. */
info->n_workspace *= 2;
info->workspace = g_realloc (info->workspace,
info->n_workspace * sizeof (gint));
done = FALSE;
}
else if (info->matches == 0)
{
/* info->offsets is too small. */
info->n_offsets *= 2;
info->offsets = g_realloc (info->offsets,
info->n_offsets * sizeof (gint));
done = FALSE;
}
else if (IS_PCRE_ERROR (info->matches))
{
g_set_error (error, G_REGEX_ERROR, G_REGEX_ERROR_MATCH,
_("Error while matching regular expression %s: %s"),
regex->pattern, match_error (info->matches));
}
}
#ifdef PCRE_NO_AUTO_POSSESS
pcre_free (pcre_re);
#endif
/* set info->pos to -1 so that a call to g_match_info_next() fails. */
info->pos = -1;
if (match_info != NULL)
*match_info = info;
else
g_match_info_free (info);
return info->matches >= 0;
}
/**
* g_regex_get_string_number:
* @regex: #GRegex structure
* @name: name of the subexpression
*
* Retrieves the number of the subexpression named @name.
*
* Returns: The number of the subexpression or -1 if @name
* does not exists
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gint
g_regex_get_string_number (const GRegex *regex,
const gchar *name)
{
gint num;
g_return_val_if_fail (regex != NULL, -1);
g_return_val_if_fail (name != NULL, -1);
num = pcre_get_stringnumber (regex->pcre_re, name);
if (num == PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING)
num = -1;
return num;
}
/**
* g_regex_split_simple:
* @pattern: the regular expression
* @string: the string to scan for matches
* @compile_options: compile options for the regular expression, or 0
* @match_options: match options, or 0
*
* Breaks the string on the pattern, and returns an array of
* the tokens. If the pattern contains capturing parentheses,
* then the text for each of the substrings will also be returned.
* If the pattern does not match anywhere in the string, then the
* whole string is returned as the first token.
*
* This function is equivalent to g_regex_split() but it does
* not require to compile the pattern with g_regex_new(), avoiding
* some lines of code when you need just to do a split without
* extracting substrings, capture counts, and so on.
*
* If this function is to be called on the same @pattern more than
* once, it's more efficient to compile the pattern once with
* g_regex_new() and then use g_regex_split().
*
* As a special case, the result of splitting the empty string ""
* is an empty vector, not a vector containing a single string.
* The reason for this special case is that being able to represent
* a empty vector is typically more useful than consistent handling
* of empty elements. If you do need to represent empty elements,
* you'll need to check for the empty string before calling this
* function.
*
* A pattern that can match empty strings splits @string into
* separate characters wherever it matches the empty string between
* characters. For example splitting "ab c" using as a separator
* "\s*", you will get "a", "b" and "c".
*
* Returns: (transfer full): a %NULL-terminated array of strings. Free
* it using g_strfreev()
*
* Since: 2.14
**/
gchar **
g_regex_split_simple (const gchar *pattern,
const gchar *string,
GRegexCompileFlags compile_options,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options)
{
GRegex *regex;
gchar **result;
regex = g_regex_new (pattern, compile_options, 0, NULL);
if (!regex)
return NULL;
result = g_regex_split_full (regex, string, -1, 0, match_options, 0, NULL);
g_regex_unref (regex);
return result;
}
/**
* g_regex_split:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure
* @string: the string to split with the pattern
* @match_options: match time option flags
*
* Breaks the string on the pattern, and returns an array of the tokens.
* If the pattern contains capturing parentheses, then the text for each
* of the substrings will also be returned. If the pattern does not match
* anywhere in the string, then the whole string is returned as the first
* token.
*
* As a special case, the result of splitting the empty string "" is an
* empty vector, not a vector containing a single string. The reason for
* this special case is that being able to represent a empty vector is
* typically more useful than consistent handling of empty elements. If
* you do need to represent empty elements, you'll need to check for the
* empty string before calling this function.
*
* A pattern that can match empty strings splits @string into separate
* characters wherever it matches the empty string between characters.
* For example splitting "ab c" using as a separator "\s*", you will get
* "a", "b" and "c".
*
* Returns: (transfer full): a %NULL-terminated gchar ** array. Free
* it using g_strfreev()
*
* Since: 2.14
**/
gchar **
g_regex_split (const GRegex *regex,
const gchar *string,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options)
{
return g_regex_split_full (regex, string, -1, 0,
match_options, 0, NULL);
}
/**
* g_regex_split_full:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure
* @string: (array length=string_len): the string to split with the pattern
* @string_len: the length of @string, or -1 if @string is nul-terminated
* @start_position: starting index of the string to match, in bytes
* @match_options: match time option flags
* @max_tokens: the maximum number of tokens to split @string into.
* If this is less than 1, the string is split completely
* @error: return location for a #GError
*
* Breaks the string on the pattern, and returns an array of the tokens.
* If the pattern contains capturing parentheses, then the text for each
* of the substrings will also be returned. If the pattern does not match
* anywhere in the string, then the whole string is returned as the first
* token.
*
* As a special case, the result of splitting the empty string "" is an
* empty vector, not a vector containing a single string. The reason for
* this special case is that being able to represent a empty vector is
* typically more useful than consistent handling of empty elements. If
* you do need to represent empty elements, you'll need to check for the
* empty string before calling this function.
*
* A pattern that can match empty strings splits @string into separate
* characters wherever it matches the empty string between characters.
* For example splitting "ab c" using as a separator "\s*", you will get
* "a", "b" and "c".
*
* Setting @start_position differs from just passing over a shortened
* string and setting #G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTBOL in the case of a pattern
* that begins with any kind of lookbehind assertion, such as "\b".
*
* Returns: (transfer full): a %NULL-terminated gchar ** array. Free
* it using g_strfreev()
*
* Since: 2.14
**/
gchar **
g_regex_split_full (const GRegex *regex,
const gchar *string,
gssize string_len,
gint start_position,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options,
gint max_tokens,
GError **error)
{
GError *tmp_error = NULL;
GMatchInfo *match_info;
GList *list, *last;
gint i;
gint token_count;
gboolean match_ok;
/* position of the last separator. */
gint last_separator_end;
/* was the last match 0 bytes long? */
gboolean last_match_is_empty;
/* the returned array of char **s */
gchar **string_list;
g_return_val_if_fail (regex != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (string != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (start_position >= 0, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (error == NULL || *error == NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail ((match_options & ~G_REGEX_MATCH_MASK) == 0, NULL);
if (max_tokens <= 0)
max_tokens = G_MAXINT;
if (string_len < 0)
string_len = strlen (string);
/* zero-length string */
if (string_len - start_position == 0)
return g_new0 (gchar *, 1);
if (max_tokens == 1)
{
string_list = g_new0 (gchar *, 2);
string_list[0] = g_strndup (&string[start_position],
string_len - start_position);
return string_list;
}
list = NULL;
token_count = 0;
last_separator_end = start_position;
last_match_is_empty = FALSE;
match_ok = g_regex_match_full (regex, string, string_len, start_position,
match_options, &match_info, &tmp_error);
while (tmp_error == NULL)
{
if (match_ok)
{
last_match_is_empty =
(match_info->offsets[0] == match_info->offsets[1]);
/* we need to skip empty separators at the same position of the end
* of another separator. e.g. the string is "a b" and the separator
* is " *", so from 1 to 2 we have a match and at position 2 we have
* an empty match. */
if (last_separator_end != match_info->offsets[1])
{
gchar *token;
gint match_count;
token = g_strndup (string + last_separator_end,
match_info->offsets[0] - last_separator_end);
list = g_list_prepend (list, token);
token_count++;
/* if there were substrings, these need to be added to
* the list. */
match_count = g_match_info_get_match_count (match_info);
if (match_count > 1)
{
for (i = 1; i < match_count; i++)
list = g_list_prepend (list, g_match_info_fetch (match_info, i));
}
}
}
else
{
/* if there was no match, copy to end of string. */
if (!last_match_is_empty)
{
gchar *token = g_strndup (string + last_separator_end,
match_info->string_len - last_separator_end);
list = g_list_prepend (list, token);
}
/* no more tokens, end the loop. */
break;
}
/* -1 to leave room for the last part. */
if (token_count >= max_tokens - 1)
{
/* we have reached the maximum number of tokens, so we copy
* the remaining part of the string. */
if (last_match_is_empty)
{
/* the last match was empty, so we have moved one char
* after the real position to avoid empty matches at the
* same position. */
match_info->pos = PREV_CHAR (regex, &string[match_info->pos]) - string;
}
/* the if is needed in the case we have terminated the available
* tokens, but we are at the end of the string, so there are no
* characters left to copy. */
if (string_len > match_info->pos)
{
gchar *token = g_strndup (string + match_info->pos,
string_len - match_info->pos);
list = g_list_prepend (list, token);
}
/* end the loop. */
break;
}
last_separator_end = match_info->pos;
if (last_match_is_empty)
/* if the last match was empty, g_match_info_next() has moved
* forward to avoid infinite loops, but we still need to copy that
* character. */
last_separator_end = PREV_CHAR (regex, &string[last_separator_end]) - string;
match_ok = g_match_info_next (match_info, &tmp_error);
}
g_match_info_free (match_info);
if (tmp_error != NULL)
{
g_propagate_error (error, tmp_error);
g_list_free_full (list, g_free);
match_info->pos = -1;
return NULL;
}
string_list = g_new (gchar *, g_list_length (list) + 1);
i = 0;
for (last = g_list_last (list); last; last = g_list_previous (last))
string_list[i++] = last->data;
string_list[i] = NULL;
g_list_free (list);
return string_list;
}
enum
{
REPL_TYPE_STRING,
REPL_TYPE_CHARACTER,
REPL_TYPE_SYMBOLIC_REFERENCE,
REPL_TYPE_NUMERIC_REFERENCE,
REPL_TYPE_CHANGE_CASE
};
typedef enum
{
CHANGE_CASE_NONE = 1 << 0,
CHANGE_CASE_UPPER = 1 << 1,
CHANGE_CASE_LOWER = 1 << 2,
CHANGE_CASE_UPPER_SINGLE = 1 << 3,
CHANGE_CASE_LOWER_SINGLE = 1 << 4,
CHANGE_CASE_SINGLE_MASK = CHANGE_CASE_UPPER_SINGLE | CHANGE_CASE_LOWER_SINGLE,
CHANGE_CASE_LOWER_MASK = CHANGE_CASE_LOWER | CHANGE_CASE_LOWER_SINGLE,
CHANGE_CASE_UPPER_MASK = CHANGE_CASE_UPPER | CHANGE_CASE_UPPER_SINGLE
} ChangeCase;
struct _InterpolationData
{
gchar *text;
gint type;
gint num;
gchar c;
ChangeCase change_case;
};
static void
free_interpolation_data (InterpolationData *data)
{
g_free (data->text);
g_free (data);
}
static const gchar *
expand_escape (const gchar *replacement,
const gchar *p,
InterpolationData *data,
GError **error)
{
const gchar *q, *r;
gint x, d, h, i;
const gchar *error_detail;
gint base = 0;
GError *tmp_error = NULL;
p++;
switch (*p)
{
case 't':
p++;
data->c = '\t';
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHARACTER;
break;
case 'n':
p++;
data->c = '\n';
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHARACTER;
break;
case 'v':
p++;
data->c = '\v';
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHARACTER;
break;
case 'r':
p++;
data->c = '\r';
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHARACTER;
break;
case 'f':
p++;
data->c = '\f';
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHARACTER;
break;
case 'a':
p++;
data->c = '\a';
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHARACTER;
break;
case 'b':
p++;
data->c = '\b';
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHARACTER;
break;
case '\\':
p++;
data->c = '\\';
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHARACTER;
break;
case 'x':
p++;
x = 0;
if (*p == '{')
{
p++;
do
{
h = g_ascii_xdigit_value (*p);
if (h < 0)
{
error_detail = _("hexadecimal digit or '}' expected");
goto error;
}
x = x * 16 + h;
p++;
}
while (*p != '}');
p++;
}
else
{
for (i = 0; i < 2; i++)
{
h = g_ascii_xdigit_value (*p);
if (h < 0)
{
error_detail = _("hexadecimal digit expected");
goto error;
}
x = x * 16 + h;
p++;
}
}
data->type = REPL_TYPE_STRING;
data->text = g_new0 (gchar, 8);
g_unichar_to_utf8 (x, data->text);
break;
case 'l':
p++;
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHANGE_CASE;
data->change_case = CHANGE_CASE_LOWER_SINGLE;
break;
case 'u':
p++;
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHANGE_CASE;
data->change_case = CHANGE_CASE_UPPER_SINGLE;
break;
case 'L':
p++;
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHANGE_CASE;
data->change_case = CHANGE_CASE_LOWER;
break;
case 'U':
p++;
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHANGE_CASE;
data->change_case = CHANGE_CASE_UPPER;
break;
case 'E':
p++;
data->type = REPL_TYPE_CHANGE_CASE;
data->change_case = CHANGE_CASE_NONE;
break;
case 'g':
p++;
if (*p != '<')
{
error_detail = _("missing '<' in symbolic reference");
goto error;
}
q = p + 1;
do
{
p++;
if (!*p)
{
error_detail = _("unfinished symbolic reference");
goto error;
}
}
while (*p != '>');
if (p - q == 0)
{
error_detail = _("zero-length symbolic reference");
goto error;
}
if (g_ascii_isdigit (*q))
{
x = 0;
do
{
h = g_ascii_digit_value (*q);
if (h < 0)
{
error_detail = _("digit expected");
p = q;
goto error;
}
x = x * 10 + h;
q++;
}
while (q != p);
data->num = x;
data->type = REPL_TYPE_NUMERIC_REFERENCE;
}
else
{
r = q;
do
{
if (!g_ascii_isalnum (*r))
{
error_detail = _("illegal symbolic reference");
p = r;
goto error;
}
r++;
}
while (r != p);
data->text = g_strndup (q, p - q);
data->type = REPL_TYPE_SYMBOLIC_REFERENCE;
}
p++;
break;
case '0':
/* if \0 is followed by a number is an octal number representing a
* character, else it is a numeric reference. */
if (g_ascii_digit_value (*g_utf8_next_char (p)) >= 0)
{
base = 8;
p = g_utf8_next_char (p);
}
case '1':
case '2':
case '3':
case '4':
case '5':
case '6':
case '7':
case '8':
case '9':
x = 0;
d = 0;
for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
{
h = g_ascii_digit_value (*p);
if (h < 0)
break;
if (h > 7)
{
if (base == 8)
break;
else
base = 10;
}
if (i == 2 && base == 10)
break;
x = x * 8 + h;
d = d * 10 + h;
p++;
}
if (base == 8 || i == 3)
{
data->type = REPL_TYPE_STRING;
data->text = g_new0 (gchar, 8);
g_unichar_to_utf8 (x, data->text);
}
else
{
data->type = REPL_TYPE_NUMERIC_REFERENCE;
data->num = d;
}
break;
case 0:
error_detail = _("stray final '\\'");
goto error;
break;
default:
error_detail = _("unknown escape sequence");
goto error;
}
return p;
error:
/* G_GSSIZE_FORMAT doesn't work with gettext, so we use %lu */
tmp_error = g_error_new (G_REGEX_ERROR,
G_REGEX_ERROR_REPLACE,
_("Error while parsing replacement "
"text \"%s\" at char %lu: %s"),
replacement,
(gulong)(p - replacement),
error_detail);
g_propagate_error (error, tmp_error);
return NULL;
}
static GList *
split_replacement (const gchar *replacement,
GError **error)
{
GList *list = NULL;
InterpolationData *data;
const gchar *p, *start;
start = p = replacement;
while (*p)
{
if (*p == '\\')
{
data = g_new0 (InterpolationData, 1);
start = p = expand_escape (replacement, p, data, error);
if (p == NULL)
{
g_list_free_full (list, (GDestroyNotify) free_interpolation_data);
free_interpolation_data (data);
return NULL;
}
list = g_list_prepend (list, data);
}
else
{
p++;
if (*p == '\\' || *p == '\0')
{
if (p - start > 0)
{
data = g_new0 (InterpolationData, 1);
data->text = g_strndup (start, p - start);
data->type = REPL_TYPE_STRING;
list = g_list_prepend (list, data);
}
}
}
}
return g_list_reverse (list);
}
/* Change the case of c based on change_case. */
#define CHANGE_CASE(c, change_case) \
(((change_case) & CHANGE_CASE_LOWER_MASK) ? \
g_unichar_tolower (c) : \
g_unichar_toupper (c))
static void
string_append (GString *string,
const gchar *text,
ChangeCase *change_case)
{
gunichar c;
if (text[0] == '\0')
return;
if (*change_case == CHANGE_CASE_NONE)
{
g_string_append (string, text);
}
else if (*change_case & CHANGE_CASE_SINGLE_MASK)
{
c = g_utf8_get_char (text);
g_string_append_unichar (string, CHANGE_CASE (c, *change_case));
g_string_append (string, g_utf8_next_char (text));
*change_case = CHANGE_CASE_NONE;
}
else
{
while (*text != '\0')
{
c = g_utf8_get_char (text);
g_string_append_unichar (string, CHANGE_CASE (c, *change_case));
text = g_utf8_next_char (text);
}
}
}
static gboolean
interpolate_replacement (const GMatchInfo *match_info,
GString *result,
gpointer data)
{
GList *list;
InterpolationData *idata;
gchar *match;
ChangeCase change_case = CHANGE_CASE_NONE;
for (list = data; list; list = list->next)
{
idata = list->data;
switch (idata->type)
{
case REPL_TYPE_STRING:
string_append (result, idata->text, &change_case);
break;
case REPL_TYPE_CHARACTER:
g_string_append_c (result, CHANGE_CASE (idata->c, change_case));
if (change_case & CHANGE_CASE_SINGLE_MASK)
change_case = CHANGE_CASE_NONE;
break;
case REPL_TYPE_NUMERIC_REFERENCE:
match = g_match_info_fetch (match_info, idata->num);
if (match)
{
string_append (result, match, &change_case);
g_free (match);
}
break;
case REPL_TYPE_SYMBOLIC_REFERENCE:
match = g_match_info_fetch_named (match_info, idata->text);
if (match)
{
string_append (result, match, &change_case);
g_free (match);
}
break;
case REPL_TYPE_CHANGE_CASE:
change_case = idata->change_case;
break;
}
}
return FALSE;
}
/* whether actual match_info is needed for replacement, i.e.
* whether there are references
*/
static gboolean
interpolation_list_needs_match (GList *list)
{
while (list != NULL)
{
InterpolationData *data = list->data;
if (data->type == REPL_TYPE_SYMBOLIC_REFERENCE ||
data->type == REPL_TYPE_NUMERIC_REFERENCE)
{
return TRUE;
}
list = list->next;
}
return FALSE;
}
/**
* g_regex_replace:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure
* @string: (array length=string_len): the string to perform matches against
* @string_len: the length of @string, or -1 if @string is nul-terminated
* @start_position: starting index of the string to match, in bytes
* @replacement: text to replace each match with
* @match_options: options for the match
* @error: location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to ignore errors
*
* Replaces all occurrences of the pattern in @regex with the
* replacement text. Backreferences of the form '\number' or
* '\g<number>' in the replacement text are interpolated by the
* number-th captured subexpression of the match, '\g<name>' refers
* to the captured subexpression with the given name. '\0' refers
* to the complete match, but '\0' followed by a number is the octal
* representation of a character. To include a literal '\' in the
* replacement, write '\\'.
*
* There are also escapes that changes the case of the following text:
*
* - \l: Convert to lower case the next character
* - \u: Convert to upper case the next character
* - \L: Convert to lower case till \E
* - \U: Convert to upper case till \E
* - \E: End case modification
*
* If you do not need to use backreferences use g_regex_replace_literal().
*
* The @replacement string must be UTF-8 encoded even if #G_REGEX_RAW was
* passed to g_regex_new(). If you want to use not UTF-8 encoded stings
* you can use g_regex_replace_literal().
*
* Setting @start_position differs from just passing over a shortened
* string and setting #G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTBOL in the case of a pattern that
* begins with any kind of lookbehind assertion, such as "\b".
*
* Returns: a newly allocated string containing the replacements
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gchar *
g_regex_replace (const GRegex *regex,
const gchar *string,
gssize string_len,
gint start_position,
const gchar *replacement,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options,
GError **error)
{
gchar *result;
GList *list;
GError *tmp_error = NULL;
g_return_val_if_fail (regex != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (string != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (start_position >= 0, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (replacement != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (error == NULL || *error == NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail ((match_options & ~G_REGEX_MATCH_MASK) == 0, NULL);
list = split_replacement (replacement, &tmp_error);
if (tmp_error != NULL)
{
g_propagate_error (error, tmp_error);
return NULL;
}
result = g_regex_replace_eval (regex,
string, string_len, start_position,
match_options,
interpolate_replacement,
(gpointer)list,
&tmp_error);
if (tmp_error != NULL)
g_propagate_error (error, tmp_error);
g_list_free_full (list, (GDestroyNotify) free_interpolation_data);
return result;
}
static gboolean
literal_replacement (const GMatchInfo *match_info,
GString *result,
gpointer data)
{
g_string_append (result, data);
return FALSE;
}
/**
* g_regex_replace_literal:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure
* @string: (array length=string_len): the string to perform matches against
* @string_len: the length of @string, or -1 if @string is nul-terminated
* @start_position: starting index of the string to match, in bytes
* @replacement: text to replace each match with
* @match_options: options for the match
* @error: location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to ignore errors
*
* Replaces all occurrences of the pattern in @regex with the
* replacement text. @replacement is replaced literally, to
* include backreferences use g_regex_replace().
*
* Setting @start_position differs from just passing over a
* shortened string and setting #G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTBOL in the
* case of a pattern that begins with any kind of lookbehind
* assertion, such as "\b".
*
* Returns: a newly allocated string containing the replacements
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gchar *
g_regex_replace_literal (const GRegex *regex,
const gchar *string,
gssize string_len,
gint start_position,
const gchar *replacement,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options,
GError **error)
{
g_return_val_if_fail (replacement != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail ((match_options & ~G_REGEX_MATCH_MASK) == 0, NULL);
return g_regex_replace_eval (regex,
string, string_len, start_position,
match_options,
literal_replacement,
(gpointer)replacement,
error);
}
/**
* g_regex_replace_eval:
* @regex: a #GRegex structure from g_regex_new()
* @string: (array length=string_len): string to perform matches against
* @string_len: the length of @string, or -1 if @string is nul-terminated
* @start_position: starting index of the string to match, in bytes
* @match_options: options for the match
* @eval: a function to call for each match
* @user_data: user data to pass to the function
* @error: location to store the error occurring, or %NULL to ignore errors
*
* Replaces occurrences of the pattern in regex with the output of
* @eval for that occurrence.
*
* Setting @start_position differs from just passing over a shortened
* string and setting #G_REGEX_MATCH_NOTBOL in the case of a pattern
* that begins with any kind of lookbehind assertion, such as "\b".
*
* The following example uses g_regex_replace_eval() to replace multiple
* strings at once:
* |[<!-- language="C" -->
* static gboolean
* eval_cb (const GMatchInfo *info,
* GString *res,
* gpointer data)
* {
* gchar *match;
* gchar *r;
*
* match = g_match_info_fetch (info, 0);
* r = g_hash_table_lookup ((GHashTable *)data, match);
* g_string_append (res, r);
* g_free (match);
*
* return FALSE;
* }
*
* ...
*
* GRegex *reg;
* GHashTable *h;
* gchar *res;
*
* h = g_hash_table_new (g_str_hash, g_str_equal);
*
* g_hash_table_insert (h, "1", "ONE");
* g_hash_table_insert (h, "2", "TWO");
* g_hash_table_insert (h, "3", "THREE");
* g_hash_table_insert (h, "4", "FOUR");
*
* reg = g_regex_new ("1|2|3|4", 0, 0, NULL);
* res = g_regex_replace_eval (reg, text, -1, 0, 0, eval_cb, h, NULL);
* g_hash_table_destroy (h);
*
* ...
* ]|
*
* Returns: a newly allocated string containing the replacements
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gchar *
g_regex_replace_eval (const GRegex *regex,
const gchar *string,
gssize string_len,
gint start_position,
GRegexMatchFlags match_options,
GRegexEvalCallback eval,
gpointer user_data,
GError **error)
{
GMatchInfo *match_info;
GString *result;
gint str_pos = 0;
gboolean done = FALSE;
GError *tmp_error = NULL;
g_return_val_if_fail (regex != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (string != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (start_position >= 0, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail (eval != NULL, NULL);
g_return_val_if_fail ((match_options & ~G_REGEX_MATCH_MASK) == 0, NULL);
if (string_len < 0)
string_len = strlen (string);
result = g_string_sized_new (string_len);
/* run down the string making matches. */
g_regex_match_full (regex, string, string_len, start_position,
match_options, &match_info, &tmp_error);
while (!done && g_match_info_matches (match_info))
{
g_string_append_len (result,
string + str_pos,
match_info->offsets[0] - str_pos);
done = (*eval) (match_info, result, user_data);
str_pos = match_info->offsets[1];
g_match_info_next (match_info, &tmp_error);
}
g_match_info_free (match_info);
if (tmp_error != NULL)
{
g_propagate_error (error, tmp_error);
g_string_free (result, TRUE);
return NULL;
}
g_string_append_len (result, string + str_pos, string_len - str_pos);
return g_string_free (result, FALSE);
}
/**
* g_regex_check_replacement:
* @replacement: the replacement string
* @has_references: (out) (allow-none): location to store information about
* references in @replacement or %NULL
* @error: location to store error
*
* Checks whether @replacement is a valid replacement string
* (see g_regex_replace()), i.e. that all escape sequences in
* it are valid.
*
* If @has_references is not %NULL then @replacement is checked
* for pattern references. For instance, replacement text 'foo\n'
* does not contain references and may be evaluated without information
* about actual match, but '\0\1' (whole match followed by first
* subpattern) requires valid #GMatchInfo object.
*
* Returns: whether @replacement is a valid replacement string
*
* Since: 2.14
*/
gboolean
g_regex_check_replacement (const gchar *replacement,
gboolean *has_references,
GError **error)
{
GList *list;
GError *tmp = NULL;
list = split_replacement (replacement, &tmp);
if (tmp)
{
g_propagate_error (error, tmp);
return FALSE;
}
if (has_references)
*has_references = interpolation_list_needs_match (list);
g_list_free_full (list, (GDestroyNotify) free_interpolation_data);
return TRUE;
}