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/* Support for chains recording users of a resource; `struct hurd_userlink'.
Copyright (C) 1994, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of the GNU C Library.
The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
Lesser General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
License along with the GNU C Library; if not, write to the Free
Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
02111-1307 USA. */
#define _HURD_USERLINK_H 1
#include <features.h>
#define __need_NULL
#include <stddef.h>
#include <hurd/signal.h>
#include <setjmp.h>
/* This structure records a link in two doubly-linked lists.
We call these the per-resource user list and the per-thread
active-resource list.
Users of a given resource are recorded by their presence in a list
associated with that resource. A user attaches his own link (in local
storage on his stack) to a shared chain at the time he begins using some
resource. When finished with that resource, the user removes his link
from the chain. If his link is the last (there are no other users of
the resource), and his chain has been detached from the shared cell (the
resource in the cell has been replaced), then the user deallocates the
resource that he used.
All uses of shared resources by a single thread are linked together by
its `active-resource' list; the head of this list is stored in the
per-thread sigstate structure. When the thread makes a non-local exit
(i.e. longjmp), it will examine its active-resource list, and each link
residing in a stack frame being jumped out of will be unlinked from both
the resource's user list and the thread's active-resource list, and
deallocate the resource if that was the last user link for that resource.
NOTE: Access to a thread's active-resource list must always be done
inside a signal-proof critical section; the functions in this file
assume they are called inside a critical section, and do no locking of
their own. Also important: the longjmp cleanup relies on all userlink
structures residing on the stack of the using thread. */
struct hurd_userlink
struct hurd_userlink *next, **prevp;
} resource, thread;
/* This function is called when a non-local exit
unwinds the frame containing this link. */
void (*cleanup) (void *cleanup_data, jmp_buf env, int val);
void *cleanup_data;
#define _HURD_USERLINK_H_EXTERN_INLINE __extern_inline
/* Attach LINK to the chain of users at *CHAINP. */
_hurd_userlink_link (struct hurd_userlink **chainp,
struct hurd_userlink *link)
struct hurd_userlink **thread_chainp;
link-> = *chainp;
if (link->
link->>resource.prevp = &link->;
link->resource.prevp = chainp;
*chainp = link;
/* Also chain it on the current thread's list of active resources. */
thread_chainp = &_hurd_self_sigstate ()->active_resources;
link-> = *thread_chainp;
if (link->
link->>thread.prevp = &link->;
link->thread.prevp = thread_chainp;
*thread_chainp = link;
/* Detach LINK from its chain. Returns nonzero iff this was the
last user of the resource and it should be deallocated. */
_hurd_userlink_unlink (struct hurd_userlink *link)
/* We should deallocate the resource used if this chain has been detached
from the cell (and thus has a nil `prevp'), and there is no next link
representing another user reference to the same resource. */
int dealloc = ! link-> && ! link->resource.prevp;
/* Remove our link from the chain of current users. */
if (link->resource.prevp)
*link->resource.prevp = link->;
if (link->
link->>resource.prevp = link->resource.prevp;
/* Remove our link from the chain of currently active resources
for this thread. */
*link->thread.prevp = link->;
if (link->
link->>thread.prevp = link->thread.prevp;
return dealloc;
/* Clear all users from *CHAINP. Call this when the resource *CHAINP
protects is changing. If the return value is nonzero, no users are on
the chain and the caller should deallocate the resource. If the return
value is zero, someone is still using the resource and they will
deallocate it when they are finished. */
_hurd_userlink_clear (struct hurd_userlink **chainp)
if (*chainp == NULL)
return 1;
/* Detach the chain of current users from the cell. The last user to
remove his link from that chain will deallocate the old resource. */
(*chainp)->resource.prevp = NULL;
*chainp = NULL;
return 0;
#endif /* hurd/userlink.h */