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C2 port support
(C) Copyright 2007 Rodolfo Giometti <>
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
This driver implements the support for Linux of Silicon Labs (Silabs)
C2 Interface used for in-system programming of micro controllers.
By using this driver you can reprogram the in-system flash without EC2
or EC3 debug adapter. This solution is also useful in those systems
where the micro controller is connected via special GPIOs pins.
The C2 Interface main references are at (
Silicon Laboratories site], see:
- AN127: FLASH Programming via the C2 Interface at Documents/TechnicalDocs/an127.pdf
- C2 Specification at
however it implements a two wire serial communication protocol (bit
banging) designed to enable in-system programming, debugging, and
boundary-scan testing on low pin-count Silicon Labs devices. Currently
this code supports only flash programming but extensions are easy to
Using the driver
Once the driver is loaded you can use sysfs support to get C2port's
info or read/write in-system flash.
# ls /sys/class/c2port/c2port0/
access flash_block_size flash_erase rev_id
dev_id flash_blocks_num flash_size subsystem/
flash_access flash_data reset uevent
Initially the C2port access is disabled since you hardware may have
such lines multiplexed with other devices so, to get access to the
C2port, you need the command:
# echo 1 > /sys/class/c2port/c2port0/access
after that you should read the device ID and revision ID of the
connected micro controller:
# cat /sys/class/c2port/c2port0/dev_id
# cat /sys/class/c2port/c2port0/rev_id
However, for security reasons, the in-system flash access in not
enabled yet, to do so you need the command:
# echo 1 > /sys/class/c2port/c2port0/flash_access
After that you can read the whole flash:
# cat /sys/class/c2port/c2port0/flash_data > image
erase it:
# echo 1 > /sys/class/c2port/c2port0/flash_erase
and write it:
# cat image > /sys/class/c2port/c2port0/flash_data
after writing you have to reset the device to execute the new code:
# echo 1 > /sys/class/c2port/c2port0/reset