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/* gpt.h -- GPT and data structure definitions, types, and
functions */
/* This program is copyright (c) 2009-2011 by Roderick W. Smith. It is distributed
under the terms of the GNU GPL version 2, as detailed in the COPYING file. */
#include <stdint.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include "gptpart.h"
#include "support.h"
#include "mbr.h"
#include "bsd.h"
#include "gptpart.h"
#ifndef __GPTSTRUCTS
#define __GPTSTRUCTS
// Default values for sector alignment
#define MAX_ALIGNMENT 65536
// Below constant corresponds to a ~279GiB (300GB) disk, since the
// smallest Advanced Format drive I know of is 320GB in size
using namespace std;
* *
* GPTData class and related structures *
* *
// Validity state of GPT data
enum GPTValidity {gpt_valid, gpt_corrupt, gpt_invalid};
// Which set of partition data to use
enum WhichToUse {use_gpt, use_mbr, use_bsd, use_new, use_abort};
// Header (first 512 bytes) of GPT table
#pragma pack(1)
struct GPTHeader {
uint64_t signature;
uint32_t revision;
uint32_t headerSize;
uint32_t headerCRC;
uint32_t reserved;
uint64_t currentLBA;
uint64_t backupLBA;
uint64_t firstUsableLBA;
uint64_t lastUsableLBA;
GUIDData diskGUID;
uint64_t partitionEntriesLBA;
uint32_t numParts;
uint32_t sizeOfPartitionEntries;
uint32_t partitionEntriesCRC;
unsigned char reserved2[GPT_RESERVED];
}; // struct GPTHeader
// Data in GPT format
class GPTData {
struct GPTHeader mainHeader;
GPTPart *partitions;
uint32_t numParts; // # of partitions the table can hold
struct GPTHeader secondHeader;
MBRData protectiveMBR;
string device; // device filename
DiskIO myDisk;
uint32_t blockSize; // device block size
uint64_t diskSize; // size of device, in blocks
GPTValidity state; // is GPT valid?
int justLooking; // Set to 1 if program launched with "-l" or if read-only
int mainCrcOk;
int secondCrcOk;
int mainPartsCrcOk;
int secondPartsCrcOk;
int apmFound; // set to 1 if APM detected
int bsdFound; // set to 1 if BSD disklabel detected in MBR
uint32_t sectorAlignment; // Start partitions at multiples of sectorAlignment
int beQuiet;
WhichToUse whichWasUsed;
int LoadHeader(struct GPTHeader *header, DiskIO & disk, uint64_t sector, int *crcOk);
int LoadPartitionTable(const struct GPTHeader & header, DiskIO & disk, uint64_t sector = 0);
int CheckTable(struct GPTHeader *header);
int SaveHeader(struct GPTHeader *header, DiskIO & disk, uint64_t sector);
int SavePartitionTable(DiskIO & disk, uint64_t sector);
// Basic necessary functions....
GPTData(string deviceFilename);
virtual ~GPTData(void);
GPTData & operator=(const GPTData & orig);
// Verify (or update) data integrity
int Verify(void);
int CheckGPTSize(void);
int CheckHeaderValidity(void);
int CheckHeaderCRC(struct GPTHeader* header, int warn = 0);
void RecomputeCRCs(void);
void RebuildMainHeader(void);
void RebuildSecondHeader(void);
int VerifyMBR(void) {return protectiveMBR.FindOverlaps();}
int FindHybridMismatches(void);
int FindOverlaps(void);
int FindInsanePartitions(void);
// Load or save data from/to disk
int SetDisk(const string & deviceFilename);
DiskIO* GetDisk(void) {return &myDisk;}
int LoadMBR(const string & f) {return protectiveMBR.ReadMBRData(f);}
int WriteProtectiveMBR(void) {return protectiveMBR.WriteMBRData(&myDisk);}
void PartitionScan(void);
int LoadPartitions(const string & deviceFilename);
int ForceLoadGPTData(void);
int LoadMainTable(void);
int LoadSecondTableAsMain(void);
int SaveGPTData(int quiet = 0);
int SaveGPTBackup(const string & filename);
int LoadGPTBackup(const string & filename);
int SaveMBR(void);
int DestroyGPT(void);
int DestroyMBR(void);
// Display data....
void ShowAPMState(void);
void ShowGPTState(void);
void DisplayGPTData(void);
void DisplayMBRData(void) {protectiveMBR.DisplayMBRData();}
void ShowPartDetails(uint32_t partNum);
// Convert between GPT and other formats
virtual WhichToUse UseWhichPartitions(void);
void XFormPartitions(void);
int XFormDisklabel(uint32_t partNum);
int XFormDisklabel(BSDData* disklabel);
int OnePartToMBR(uint32_t gptPart, int mbrPart); // add one partition to MBR. Returns 1 if successful
// Adjust GPT structures WITHOUT user interaction...
int SetGPTSize(uint32_t numEntries, int fillGPTSectors = 1);
void BlankPartitions(void);
int DeletePartition(uint32_t partNum);
uint32_t CreatePartition(uint32_t partNum, uint64_t startSector, uint64_t endSector);
void SortGPT(void);
int SwapPartitions(uint32_t partNum1, uint32_t partNum2);
int ClearGPTData(void);
void MoveSecondHeaderToEnd();
int SetName(uint32_t partNum, const UnicodeString & theName);
void SetDiskGUID(GUIDData newGUID);
int SetPartitionGUID(uint32_t pn, GUIDData theGUID);
void RandomizeGUIDs(void);
int ChangePartType(uint32_t pn, PartType theGUID);
void MakeProtectiveMBR(void) {protectiveMBR.MakeProtectiveMBR();}
void RecomputeCHS(void);
int Align(uint64_t* sector);
void SetProtectiveMBR(BasicMBRData & newMBR) {protectiveMBR = newMBR;}
// Return data about the GPT structures....
WhichToUse GetState(void) {return whichWasUsed;}
int GetPartRange(uint32_t* low, uint32_t* high);
int FindFirstFreePart(void);
uint32_t GetNumParts(void) {return mainHeader.numParts;}
uint64_t GetMainHeaderLBA(void) {return mainHeader.currentLBA;}
uint64_t GetSecondHeaderLBA(void) {return secondHeader.currentLBA;}
uint64_t GetMainPartsLBA(void) {return mainHeader.partitionEntriesLBA;}
uint64_t GetSecondPartsLBA(void) {return secondHeader.partitionEntriesLBA;}
uint64_t GetFirstUsableLBA(void) {return mainHeader.firstUsableLBA;}
uint64_t GetLastUsableLBA(void) {return mainHeader.lastUsableLBA;}
uint32_t CountParts(void);
bool ValidPartNum (const uint32_t partNum);
const GPTPart & operator[](uint32_t partNum) const;
const GUIDData & GetDiskGUID(void) const;
uint32_t GetBlockSize(void) {return blockSize;}
// Find information about free space
uint64_t FindFirstAvailable(uint64_t start = 0);
uint64_t FindFirstInLargest(void);
uint64_t FindLastAvailable();
uint64_t FindLastInFree(uint64_t start);
uint64_t FindFreeBlocks(uint32_t *numSegments, uint64_t *largestSegment);
int IsFree(uint64_t sector, uint32_t *partNum = NULL);
int IsFreePartNum(uint32_t partNum);
int IsUsedPartNum(uint32_t partNum);
// Change how functions work, or return information on same
void SetAlignment(uint32_t n);
uint32_t ComputeAlignment(void); // Set alignment based on current partitions
uint32_t GetAlignment(void) {return sectorAlignment;}
void JustLooking(int i = 1) {justLooking = i;}
void BeQuiet(int i = 1) {beQuiet = i;}
WhichToUse WhichWasUsed(void) {return whichWasUsed;}
// Endianness functions
void ReverseHeaderBytes(struct GPTHeader* header);
void ReversePartitionBytes(); // for endianness
// Attributes functions
int ManageAttributes(int partNum, const string & command, const string & bits);
void ShowAttributes(const uint32_t partNum);
void GetAttribute(const uint32_t partNum, const string& attributeBits);
}; // class GPTData
// Function prototypes....
int SizesOK(void);