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CFI or JEDEC memory-mapped NOR flash, MTD-RAM (NVRAM...)
Flash chips (Memory Technology Devices) are often used for solid state
file systems on embedded devices.
- compatible : should contain the specific model of mtd chip(s)
used, if known, followed by either "cfi-flash", "jedec-flash"
or "mtd-ram".
- reg : Address range(s) of the mtd chip(s)
It's possible to (optionally) define multiple "reg" tuples so that
non-identical chips can be described in one node.
- bank-width : Width (in bytes) of the bank. Equal to the
device width times the number of interleaved chips.
- device-width : (optional) Width of a single mtd chip. If
omitted, assumed to be equal to 'bank-width'.
- #address-cells, #size-cells : Must be present if the device has
sub-nodes representing partitions (see below). In this case
both #address-cells and #size-cells must be equal to 1.
For JEDEC compatible devices, the following additional properties
are defined:
- vendor-id : Contains the flash chip's vendor id (1 byte).
- device-id : Contains the flash chip's device id (1 byte).
In addition to the information on the mtd bank itself, the
device tree may optionally contain additional information
describing partitions of the address space. This can be
used on platforms which have strong conventions about which
portions of a flash are used for what purposes, but which don't
use an on-flash partition table such as RedBoot.
Each partition is represented as a sub-node of the mtd device.
Each node's name represents the name of the corresponding
partition of the mtd device.
Flash partitions
- reg : The partition's offset and size within the mtd bank.
- label : (optional) The label / name for this partition.
If omitted, the label is taken from the node name (excluding
the unit address).
- read-only : (optional) This parameter, if present, is a hint to
Linux that this partition should only be mounted
read-only. This is usually used for flash partitions
containing early-boot firmware images or data which should not
be clobbered.
flash@ff000000 {
compatible = "amd,am29lv128ml", "cfi-flash";
reg = <ff000000 01000000>;
bank-width = <4>;
device-width = <1>;
#address-cells = <1>;
#size-cells = <1>;
fs@0 {
label = "fs";
reg = <0 f80000>;
firmware@f80000 {
label ="firmware";
reg = <f80000 80000>;
Here an example with multiple "reg" tuples:
flash@f0000000,0 {
#address-cells = <1>;
#size-cells = <1>;
compatible = "intel,PC48F4400P0VB", "cfi-flash";
reg = <0 0x00000000 0x02000000
0 0x02000000 0x02000000>;
bank-width = <2>;
partition@0 {
label = "test-part1";
reg = <0 0x04000000>;
An example using SRAM:
sram@2,0 {
compatible = "samsung,k6f1616u6a", "mtd-ram";
reg = <2 0 0x00200000>;
bank-width = <2>;