blob: 21d4e611454b46ad6bce4463d655242707835eb3 [file] [log] [blame]
What's new in Sudo 1.7.4?
* Sudoedit will now preserve the file extension in the name of the
temporary file being edited. The extension is used by some
editors (such as emacs) to choose the editing mode.
* Time stamp files have moved from /var/run/sudo to either /var/db/sudo,
/var/lib/sudo or /var/adm/sudo. The directories are checked for
existence in that order. This prevents users from receiving the
sudo lecture every time the system reboots. Time stamp files older
than the boot time are ignored on systems where it is possible to
determine this.
* The tty_tickets sudoers option is now enabled by default.
* Ancillary documentation (README files, LICENSE, etc) is now installed
in a sudo documentation directory.
* Sudo now recognizes "tls_cacert" as an alias for "tls_cacertfile"
in ldap.conf.
* Defaults settings that are tied to a user, host or command may
now include the negation operator. For example:
Defaults:!millert lecture
will match any user but millert.
* The default PATH environment variable, used when no PATH variable
exists, now includes /usr/sbin and /sbin.
* Sudo now uses polypkg (
for cross-platform packing.
* On Linux, sudo will now restore the nproc resource limit before
executing a command, unless the limit appears to have been modified
by pam_limits. This avoids a problem with bash scripts that open
more than 32 descriptors on SuSE Linux, where sysconf(_SC_CHILD_MAX)
will return -1 when RLIMIT_NPROC is set to RLIMIT_UNLIMITED (-1).
* The HOME and MAIL environment variables are now reset based on the
target user's password database entry when the env_reset sudoers option
is enabled (which is the case in the default configuration). Users
wishing to preserve the original values should use a sudoers entry like:
Defaults env_keep += HOME
to preserve the old value of HOME and
Defaults env_keep += MAIL
to preserve the old value of MAIL.
* Fixed a problem in the restoration of the AIX authdb registry setting.
* Sudo will now fork(2) and wait until the command has completed before
calling pam_close_session().
* The default syslog facility is now "authpriv" if the operating system
supports it, else "auth".
What's new in Sudo 1.7.3?
* Support for logging I/O for the command being run.
For more information, see the documentation for the "log_input"
and "log_output" Defaults options in the sudoers manual. Also
see the sudoreplay manual for how to replay I/O log sessions.
* The use_pty sudoers option can be used to force a command to be
run in a pseudo-pty, even when I/O logging is not enabled.
* On some systems, sudo can now detect when a user has logged out
and back in again when tty-based time stamps are in use. Supported
systems include Solaris systems with the devices file system,
Mac OS X, and Linux systems with the devpts filesystem (pseudo-ttys
* On AIX systems, the registry setting in /etc/security/user is
now taken into account when looking up users and groups. Sudo
now applies the correct the user and group ids when running a
command as a user whose account details come from a different
source (e.g. LDAP or DCE vs. local files).
* Support for multiple 'sudoers_base' and 'uri' entries in ldap.conf.
When multiple entries are listed, sudo will try each one in the
order in which they are specified.
* Sudo's SELinux support should now function correctly when running
commands as a non-root user and when one of stdin, stdout or stderr
is not a terminal.
* Sudo will now use the Linux audit system with configure with
the --with-linux-audit flag.
* Sudo now uses mbr_check_membership() on systems that support it
to determine group membership. Currently, only Darwin (Mac OS X)
supports this.
* When the tty_tickets sudoers option is enabled but there is no
terminal device, sudo will no longer use or create a tty-based
ticket file. Previously, sudo would use a tty name of "unknown".
As a consequence, if a user has no terminal device, sudo will
now always prompt for a password.
* The passwd_timeout and timestamp_timeout options may now be
specified as floating point numbers for more granular timeout
* Negating the fqdn option in sudoers now works correctly when sudo
is configured with the --with-fqdn option. In previous versions
of sudo the fqdn was set before sudoers was parsed.
What's new in Sudo 1.7.2?
* A new #includedir directive is available in sudoers. This can be
used to implement an /etc/sudo.d directory. Files in an includedir
are not edited by visudo unless they contain a syntax error.
* The -g option did not work properly when only setting the group
(and not the user). Also, in -l mode the wrong user was displayed
for sudoers entries where only the group was allowed to be set.
* Fixed a problem with the alias checking in visudo which
could prevent visudo from exiting.
* Sudo will now correctly parse the shell-style /etc/environment
file format used by pam_env on Linux.
* When doing password and group database lookups, sudo will only
cache an entry by name or by id, depending on how the entry was
looked up. Previously, sudo would cache by both name and id
from a single lookup, but this breaks sites that have multiple
password or group database names that map to the same uid or
* User and group names in sudoers may now be enclosed in double
quotes to avoid having to escape special characters.
* BSM audit fixes when changing to a non-root uid.
* Experimental non-Unix group support. Currently only works with
Quest Authorization Services and allows Active Directory groups
fixes for Minix-3.
* For Netscape/Mozilla-derived LDAP SDKs the certificate and key
paths may be specified as a directory or a file. However, version
5.0 of the SDK only appears to support using a directory (despite
documentation to the contrary). If SSL client initialization
fails and the certificate or key paths look like they could be
default file name, strip off the last path element and try again.
* A setenv() compatibility fix for Linux systems, where a NULL
value is treated the same as an empty string and the variable
name is checked against the NULL pointer.
What's new in Sudo 1.7.1?
* A new Defaults option "pwfeedback" will cause sudo to provide visual
feedback when the user is entering a password.
* A new Defaults option "fast_glob" will cause sudo to use the fnmatch()
function for file name globbing instead of glob(). When this option
is enabled, sudo will not check the file system when expanding wildcards.
This is faster but a side effect is that relative paths with wildcard
will no longer work.
* New BSM audit support for systems that support it such as FreeBSD
and Mac OS X.
* The file name specified with the #include directive may now include
a %h escape which is expanded to the short form of hostname.
* The -k flag may now be specified along with a command, causing the
user's timestamp file to be ignored.
* New support for Tivoli-based LDAP START_TLS, present in AIX.
* New support for /etc/netsvc.conf on AIX.
* The unused alias checks in visudo now handle the case of an alias
referring to another alias.
What's new in Sudo 1.7.0?
* Rewritten parser that converts sudoers into a set of data structures.
This eliminates a number of ordering issues and makes it possible to
apply sudoers Defaults entries before searching for the command.
It also adds support for per-command Defaults specifications.
* Sudoers now supports a #include facility to allow the inclusion of other
sudoers-format files.
* Sudo's -l (list) flag has been enhanced:
o applicable Defaults options are now listed
o a command argument can be specified for testing whether a user
may run a specific command.
o a new -U flag can be used in conjunction with "sudo -l" to allow
root (or a user with "sudo ALL") list another user's privileges.
* A new -g flag has been added to allow the user to specify a
primary group to run the command as. The sudoers syntax has been
extended to include a group section in the Runas specification.
* A uid may now be used anywhere a username is valid.
* The "secure_path" run-time Defaults option has been restored.
* Password and group data is now cached for fast lookups.
* The file descriptor at which sudo starts closing all open files is now
configurable via sudoers and, optionally, the command line.
* Visudo will now warn about aliases that are defined but not used.
* The -i and -s command line flags now take an optional command
to be run via the shell. Previously, the argument was passed
to the shell as a script to run.
* Improved LDAP support. SASL authentication may now be used in
conjunction when connecting to an LDAP server. The krb5_ccname
parameter in ldap.conf may be used to enable Kerberos.
* Support for /etc/nsswitch.conf. LDAP users may now use nsswitch.conf
to specify the sudoers order. E.g.:
sudoers: ldap files
to check LDAP, then /etc/sudoers. The default is "files", even
when LDAP support is compiled in. This differs from sudo 1.6
where LDAP was always consulted first.
* Support for /etc/environment on AIX and Linux. If sudo is run
with the -i flag, the contents of /etc/environment are used to
populate the new environment that is passed to the command being
* If no terminal is available or if the new -A flag is specified,
sudo will use a helper program to read the password if one is
configured. Typically, this is a graphical password prompter
such as ssh-askpass.
* A new Defaults option, "mailfrom" that sets the value of the
"From:" field in the warning/error mail. If unspecified, the
login name of the invoking user is used.
* A new Defaults option, "env_file" that refers to a file containing
environment variables to be set in the command being run.
* A new flag, -n, may be used to indicate that sudo should not
prompt the user for a password and, instead, exit with an error
if authentication is required.
* If sudo needs to prompt for a password and it is unable to disable
echo (and no askpass program is defined), it will refuse to run
unless the "visiblepw" Defaults option has been specified.
* Prior to version 1.7.0, hitting enter/return at the Password: prompt
would exit sudo. In sudo 1.7.0 and beyond, this is treated as
an empty password. To exit sudo, the user must press ^C or ^D
at the prompt.
* visudo will now check the sudoers file owner and mode in -c (check)
mode when the -s (strict) flag is specified.
* A new Defaults option "umask_override" will cause sudo to set the
umask specified in sudoers even if it is more permissive than the
invoking user's umask.