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.\" scp.1
.\" Author: Tatu Ylonen <>
.\" Copyright (c) 1995 Tatu Ylonen <>, Espoo, Finland
.\" All rights reserved
.\" Created: Sun May 7 00:14:37 1995 ylo
.\" $OpenBSD: scp.1,v 1.58 2011/09/05 07:01:44 jmc Exp $
.Dd $Mdocdate: September 5 2011 $
.Dt SCP 1
.Nm scp
.Nd secure copy (remote file copy program)
.Nm scp
.Bk -words
.Op Fl 12346BCpqrv
.Op Fl c Ar cipher
.Op Fl F Ar ssh_config
.Op Fl i Ar identity_file
.Op Fl l Ar limit
.Op Fl o Ar ssh_option
.Op Fl P Ar port
.Op Fl S Ar program
.Sm off
.Op Ar user No @
.Ar host1 No :
.Oc Ar file1
.Sm on
.Ar ...
.Sm off
.Op Ar user No @
.Ar host2 No :
.Oc Ar file2
.Sm on
copies files between hosts on a network.
It uses
.Xr ssh 1
for data transfer, and uses the same authentication and provides the
same security as
.Xr ssh 1 .
.Xr rcp 1 ,
will ask for passwords or passphrases if they are needed for
File names may contain a user and host specification to indicate
that the file is to be copied to/from that host.
Local file names can be made explicit using absolute or relative pathnames
to avoid
treating file names containing
.Sq :\&
as host specifiers.
Copies between two remote hosts are also permitted.
The options are as follows:
.Bl -tag -width Ds
.It Fl 1
to use protocol 1.
.It Fl 2
to use protocol 2.
.It Fl 3
Copies between two remote hosts are transferred through the local host.
Without this option the data is copied directly between the two remote
Note that this option disables the progress meter.
.It Fl 4
to use IPv4 addresses only.
.It Fl 6
to use IPv6 addresses only.
.It Fl B
Selects batch mode (prevents asking for passwords or passphrases).
.It Fl C
Compression enable.
Passes the
.Fl C
flag to
.Xr ssh 1
to enable compression.
.It Fl c Ar cipher
Selects the cipher to use for encrypting the data transfer.
This option is directly passed to
.Xr ssh 1 .
.It Fl F Ar ssh_config
Specifies an alternative
per-user configuration file for
.Nm ssh .
This option is directly passed to
.Xr ssh 1 .
.It Fl i Ar identity_file
Selects the file from which the identity (private key) for public key
authentication is read.
This option is directly passed to
.Xr ssh 1 .
.It Fl l Ar limit
Limits the used bandwidth, specified in Kbit/s.
.It Fl o Ar ssh_option
Can be used to pass options to
.Nm ssh
in the format used in
.Xr ssh_config 5 .
This is useful for specifying options
for which there is no separate
.Nm scp
command-line flag.
For full details of the options listed below, and their possible values, see
.Xr ssh_config 5 .
.Bl -tag -width Ds -offset indent -compact
.It AddressFamily
.It BatchMode
.It BindAddress
.It ChallengeResponseAuthentication
.It CheckHostIP
.It Cipher
.It Ciphers
.It Compression
.It CompressionLevel
.It ConnectionAttempts
.It ConnectTimeout
.It ControlMaster
.It ControlPath
.It ControlPersist
.It GlobalKnownHostsFile
.It GSSAPIAuthentication
.It GSSAPIDelegateCredentials
.It HashKnownHosts
.It Host
.It HostbasedAuthentication
.It HostKeyAlgorithms
.It HostKeyAlias
.It HostName
.It IdentityFile
.It IdentitiesOnly
.It KbdInteractiveAuthentication
.It KbdInteractiveDevices
.It KexAlgorithms
.It LogLevel
.It MACs
.It NoHostAuthenticationForLocalhost
.It NumberOfPasswordPrompts
.It PasswordAuthentication
.It PKCS11Provider
.It Port
.It PreferredAuthentications
.It Protocol
.It ProxyCommand
.It PubkeyAuthentication
.It RekeyLimit
.It RhostsRSAAuthentication
.It RSAAuthentication
.It SendEnv
.It ServerAliveInterval
.It ServerAliveCountMax
.It StrictHostKeyChecking
.It TCPKeepAlive
.It UsePrivilegedPort
.It User
.It UserKnownHostsFile
.It VerifyHostKeyDNS
.It Fl P Ar port
Specifies the port to connect to on the remote host.
Note that this option is written with a capital
.Sq P ,
.Fl p
is already reserved for preserving the times and modes of the file in
.Xr rcp 1 .
.It Fl p
Preserves modification times, access times, and modes from the
original file.
.It Fl q
Quiet mode: disables the progress meter as well as warning and diagnostic
messages from
.Xr ssh 1 .
.It Fl r
Recursively copy entire directories.
Note that
follows symbolic links encountered in the tree traversal.
.It Fl S Ar program
Name of
.Ar program
to use for the encrypted connection.
The program must understand
.Xr ssh 1
.It Fl v
Verbose mode.
.Xr ssh 1
to print debugging messages about their progress.
This is helpful in
debugging connection, authentication, and configuration problems.
.Ex -std scp
.Xr rcp 1 ,
.Xr sftp 1 ,
.Xr ssh 1 ,
.Xr ssh-add 1 ,
.Xr ssh-agent 1 ,
.Xr ssh-keygen 1 ,
.Xr ssh_config 5 ,
.Xr sshd 8
is based on the
.Xr rcp 1
program in BSD source code from the Regents of the University of
.An Timo Rinne Aq
.An Tatu Ylonen Aq