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<table class="index-toc-link"><tr><td class="left">[<a href="ft2-index.html">Index</a>]</td><td class="right">[<a href="ft2-toc.html">TOC</a>]</td></tr></table>
<h1>FreeType-2.6 API Reference</h1>
<h1>The TrueType driver</h1>
<table class="synopsis">
<tr><td><a href="#interpreter-version">interpreter-version</a></td><td><a href="#TT_INTERPRETER_VERSION_XXX">TT_INTERPRETER_VERSION_XXX</a></td></tr>
<p>While FreeType's TrueType driver doesn't expose API functions by itself, it is possible to control its behaviour with <a href="ft2-module_management.html#FT_Property_Set">FT_Property_Set</a> and <a href="ft2-module_management.html#FT_Property_Get">FT_Property_Get</a>. The following lists the available properties together with the necessary macros and structures.</p>
<p>The TrueType driver's module name is &lsquo;truetype&rsquo;.</p>
<div class="section">
<h3 id="interpreter-version">interpreter-version</h3>
<p>Currently, two versions are available, representing the bytecode interpreter with and without subpixel hinting support, respectively. The default is subpixel support if TT_CONFIG_OPTION_SUBPIXEL_HINTING is defined, and no subpixel support otherwise (since it isn't available then).</p>
<p>If subpixel hinting is on, many TrueType bytecode instructions behave differently compared to B/W or grayscale rendering (except if &lsquo;native ClearType&rsquo; is selected by the font). The main idea is to render at a much increased horizontal resolution, then sampling down the created output to subpixel precision. However, many older fonts are not suited to this and must be specially taken care of by applying (hardcoded) font-specific tweaks.</p>
<p>Details on subpixel hinting and some of the necessary tweaks can be found in Greg Hitchcock's whitepaper at &lsquo;<a href=""></a>&rsquo;.</p>
<p>The following example code demonstrates how to activate subpixel hinting (omitting the error handling).</p>
<pre class="colored">
FT_Library library;
FT_Face face;
FT_UInt interpreter_version = TT_INTERPRETER_VERSION_38;
FT_Init_FreeType( &amp;library );
FT_Property_Set( library, "truetype",
&amp;interpreter_version );
<p>This property can be used with <a href="ft2-module_management.html#FT_Property_Get">FT_Property_Get</a> also.</p>
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<div class="section">
<p>Defined in FT_TRUETYPE_DRIVER_H (ftttdrv.h).</p>
#define <a href="ft2-tt_driver.html#TT_INTERPRETER_VERSION_35">TT_INTERPRETER_VERSION_35</a> 35
#define <a href="ft2-tt_driver.html#TT_INTERPRETER_VERSION_38">TT_INTERPRETER_VERSION_38</a> 38
<p>A list of constants used for the <a href="ft2-tt_driver.html#interpreter-version">interpreter-version</a> property to select the hinting engine for Truetype fonts.</p>
<p>The numeric value in the constant names represents the version number as returned by the &lsquo;GETINFO&rsquo; bytecode instruction.</p>
<table class="fields">
<tr><td class="val" id="TT_INTERPRETER_VERSION_35">TT_INTERPRETER_VERSION_35</td><td class="desc">
<p>Version&nbsp;35 corresponds to MS rasterizer v.1.7 as used e.g. in Windows&nbsp;98; only grayscale and B/W rasterizing is supported.</p>
<tr><td class="val" id="TT_INTERPRETER_VERSION_38">TT_INTERPRETER_VERSION_38</td><td class="desc">
<p>Version&nbsp;38 corresponds to MS rasterizer v.1.9; it is roughly equivalent to the hinting provided by DirectWrite ClearType (as can be found, for example, in the Internet Explorer&nbsp;9 running on Windows&nbsp;7).</p>
<p>This property controls the behaviour of the bytecode interpreter and thus how outlines get hinted. It does <b>not</b> control how glyph get rasterized! In particular, it does not control subpixel color filtering.</p>
<p>If FreeType has not been compiled with configuration option FT_CONFIG_OPTION_SUBPIXEL_HINTING, selecting version&nbsp;38 causes an &lsquo;FT_Err_Unimplemented_Feature&rsquo; error.</p>
<p>Depending on the graphics framework, Microsoft uses different bytecode and rendering engines. As a consequence, the version numbers returned by a call to the &lsquo;GETINFO&rsquo; bytecode instruction are more convoluted than desired.</p>
<p>Here are two tables that try to shed some light on the possible values for the MS rasterizer engine, together with the additional features introduced by it.</p>
<pre class="colored">
GETINFO framework version feature
3 GDI (Win 3.1), v1.0 16-bit, first version
33 GDI (Win NT 3.1), v1.5 32-bit
HP Laserjet
34 GDI (Win 95) v1.6 font smoothing,
new SCANTYPE opcode
bits in composite glyphs
36 MGDI (Win CE 2) v1.6+ classic ClearType
37 GDI (XP and later), v1.8 ClearType
GDI+ old (before Vista)
38 GDI+ old (Vista, Win 7), v1.9 subpixel ClearType,
WPF Y-direction ClearType,
additional error checking
39 DWrite (before Win 8) v2.0 subpixel ClearType flags
in GETINFO opcode,
bug fixes
40 GDI+ (after Win 7), v2.1 Y-direction ClearType flag
DWrite (Win 8) in GETINFO opcode,
Gray ClearType
<p>The &lsquo;version&rsquo; field gives a rough orientation only, since some applications provided certain features much earlier (as an example, Microsoft Reader used subpixel and Y-direction ClearType already in Windows 2000). Similarly, updates to a given framework might include improved hinting support.</p>
<pre class="colored">
version sampling rendering comment
x y x y
v1.0 normal normal B/W B/W bi-level
v1.6 high high gray gray grayscale
v1.8 high normal color-filter B/W (GDI) ClearType
v1.9 high high color-filter gray Color ClearType
v2.1 high normal gray B/W Gray ClearType
v2.1 high high gray gray Gray ClearType
<p>Color and Gray ClearType are the two available variants of &lsquo;Y-direction ClearType&rsquo;, meaning grayscale rasterization along the Y-direction; the name used in the TrueType specification for this feature is &lsquo;symmetric smoothing&rsquo;. &lsquo;Classic ClearType&rsquo; is the original algorithm used before introducing a modified version in Win&nbsp;XP. Another name for v1.6's grayscale rendering is &lsquo;font smoothing&rsquo;, and &lsquo;Color ClearType&rsquo; is sometimes also called &lsquo;DWrite ClearType&rsquo;. To differentiate between today's Color ClearType and the earlier ClearType variant with B/W rendering along the vertical axis, the latter is sometimes called &lsquo;GDI ClearType&rsquo;.</p>
<p>&lsquo;Normal&rsquo; and &lsquo;high&rsquo; sampling describe the (virtual) resolution to access the rasterized outline after the hinting process. &lsquo;Normal&rsquo; means 1 sample per grid line (i.e., B/W). In the current Microsoft implementation, &lsquo;high&rsquo; means an extra virtual resolution of 16x16 (or 16x1) grid lines per pixel for bytecode instructions like &lsquo;MIRP&rsquo;. After hinting, these 16 grid lines are mapped to 6x5 (or 6x1) grid lines for color filtering if Color ClearType is activated.</p>
<p>Note that &lsquo;Gray ClearType&rsquo; is essentially the same as v1.6's grayscale rendering. However, the GETINFO instruction handles it differently: v1.6 returns bit&nbsp;12 (hinting for grayscale), while v2.1 returns bits&nbsp;13 (hinting for ClearType), 18 (symmetrical smoothing), and&nbsp;19 (Gray ClearType). Also, this mode respects bits 2 and&nbsp;3 for the version&nbsp;1 gasp table exclusively (like Color ClearType), while v1.6 only respects the values of version&nbsp;0 (bits 0 and&nbsp;1).</p>
<p>FreeType doesn't provide all capabilities of the most recent ClearType incarnation, thus we identify our subpixel support as version&nbsp;38.</p>
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