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What: /sys/firmware/acpi/bgrt/
Date: January 2012
Contact: Matthew Garrett <>
The BGRT is an ACPI 5.0 feature that allows the OS
to obtain a copy of the firmware boot splash and
some associated metadata. This is intended to be used
by boot splash applications in order to interact with
the firmware boot splash in order to avoid jarring
image: The image bitmap. Currently a 32-bit BMP.
status: 1 if the image is valid, 0 if firmware invalidated it.
type: 0 indicates image is in BMP format.
version: The version of the BGRT. Currently 1.
xoffset: The number of pixels between the left of the screen
and the left edge of the image.
yoffset: The number of pixels between the top of the screen
and the top edge of the image.
What: /sys/firmware/acpi/hotplug/
Date: February 2013
Contact: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
There are separate hotplug profiles for different classes of
devices supported by ACPI, such as containers, memory modules,
processors, PCI root bridges etc. A hotplug profile for a given
class of devices is a collection of settings defining the way
that class of devices will be handled by the ACPI core hotplug
code. Those profiles are represented in sysfs as subdirectories
of /sys/firmware/acpi/hotplug/.
The following setting is available to user space for each
hotplug profile:
enabled: If set, the ACPI core will handle notifications of
hotplug events associated with the given class of
devices and will allow those devices to be ejected with
the help of the _EJ0 control method. Unsetting it
effectively disables hotplug for the correspoinding
class of devices.
The value of the above attribute is an integer number: 1 (set)
or 0 (unset). Attempts to write any other values to it will
cause -EINVAL to be returned.
What: /sys/firmware/acpi/hotplug/force_remove
Date: May 2013
Contact: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
The number in this file (0 or 1) determines whether (1) or not
(0) the ACPI subsystem will allow devices to be hot-removed even
if they cannot be put offline gracefully (from the kernel's
viewpoint). That number can be changed by writing a boolean
value to this file.
What: /sys/firmware/acpi/interrupts/
Date: February 2008
Contact: Len Brown <>
All ACPI interrupts are handled via a single IRQ,
the System Control Interrupt (SCI), which appears
as "acpi" in /proc/interrupts.
However, one of the main functions of ACPI is to make
the platform understand random hardware without
special driver support. So while the SCI handles a few
well known (fixed feature) interrupts sources, such
as the power button, it can also handle a variable
number of a "General Purpose Events" (GPE).
A GPE vectors to a specified handler in AML, which
can do a anything the BIOS writer wants from
OS context. GPE 0x12, for example, would vector
to a level or edge handler called _L12 or _E12.
The handler may do its business and return.
Or the handler may send send a Notify event
to a Linux device driver registered on an ACPI device,
such as a battery, or a processor.
To figure out where all the SCI's are coming from,
/sys/firmware/acpi/interrupts contains a file listing
every possible source, and the count of how many
times it has triggered.
$ cd /sys/firmware/acpi/interrupts
$ grep . *
error: 0
ff_gbl_lock: 0 enable
ff_pmtimer: 0 invalid
ff_pwr_btn: 0 enable
ff_rt_clk: 2 disable
ff_slp_btn: 0 invalid
gpe00: 0 invalid
gpe01: 0 enable
gpe02: 108 enable
gpe03: 0 invalid
gpe04: 0 invalid
gpe05: 0 invalid
gpe06: 0 enable
gpe07: 0 enable
gpe08: 0 invalid
gpe09: 0 invalid
gpe0A: 0 invalid
gpe0B: 0 invalid
gpe0C: 0 invalid
gpe0D: 0 invalid
gpe0E: 0 invalid
gpe0F: 0 invalid
gpe10: 0 invalid
gpe11: 0 invalid
gpe12: 0 invalid
gpe13: 0 invalid
gpe14: 0 invalid
gpe15: 0 invalid
gpe16: 0 invalid
gpe17: 1084 enable
gpe18: 0 enable
gpe19: 0 invalid
gpe1A: 0 invalid
gpe1B: 0 invalid
gpe1C: 0 invalid
gpe1D: 0 invalid
gpe1E: 0 invalid
gpe1F: 0 invalid
gpe_all: 1192
sci: 1194
sci_not: 0
sci - The number of times the ACPI SCI
has been called and claimed an interrupt.
sci_not - The number of times the ACPI SCI
has been called and NOT claimed an interrupt.
gpe_all - count of SCI caused by GPEs.
gpeXX - count for individual GPE source
ff_gbl_lock - Global Lock
ff_pmtimer - PM Timer
ff_pwr_btn - Power Button
ff_rt_clk - Real Time Clock
ff_slp_btn - Sleep Button
error - an interrupt that can't be accounted for above.
invalid: it's either a GPE or a Fixed Event that
doesn't have an event handler.
disable: the GPE/Fixed Event is valid but disabled.
enable: the GPE/Fixed Event is valid and enabled.
Root has permission to clear any of these counters. Eg.
# echo 0 > gpe11
All counters can be cleared by clearing the total "sci":
# echo 0 > sci
None of these counters has an effect on the function
of the system, they are simply statistics.
Besides this, user can also write specific strings to these files
to enable/disable/clear ACPI interrupts in user space, which can be
used to debug some ACPI interrupt storm issues.
Note that only writting to VALID GPE/Fixed Event is allowed,
i.e. user can only change the status of runtime GPE and
Fixed Event with event handler installed.
Let's take power button fixed event for example, please kill acpid
and other user space applications so that the machine won't shutdown
when pressing the power button.
# cat ff_pwr_btn
0 enabled
# press the power button for 3 times;
# cat ff_pwr_btn
3 enabled
# echo disable > ff_pwr_btn
# cat ff_pwr_btn
3 disabled
# press the power button for 3 times;
# cat ff_pwr_btn
3 disabled
# echo enable > ff_pwr_btn
# cat ff_pwr_btn
4 enabled
* this is because the status bit is set even if the enable bit is cleared,
* and it triggers an ACPI fixed event when the enable bit is set again
# press the power button for 3 times;
# cat ff_pwr_btn
7 enabled
# echo disable > ff_pwr_btn
# press the power button for 3 times;
# echo clear > ff_pwr_btn /* clear the status bit */
# echo disable > ff_pwr_btn
# cat ff_pwr_btn
7 enabled