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* PCF857x-compatible I/O expanders
The PCF857x-compatible chips have "quasi-bidirectional" I/O lines that can be
driven high by a pull-up current source or driven low to ground. This combines
the direction and output level into a single bit per line, which can't be read
back. We can't actually know at initialization time whether a line is configured
(a) as output and driving the signal low/high, or (b) as input and reporting a
low/high value, without knowing the last value written since the chip came out
of reset (if any). The only reliable solution for setting up line direction is
thus to do it explicitly.
Required Properties:
- compatible: should be one of the following.
- "maxim,max7328": For the Maxim MAX7378
- "maxim,max7329": For the Maxim MAX7329
- "nxp,pca8574": For the NXP PCA8574
- "nxp,pca8575": For the NXP PCA8575
- "nxp,pca9670": For the NXP PCA9670
- "nxp,pca9671": For the NXP PCA9671
- "nxp,pca9672": For the NXP PCA9672
- "nxp,pca9673": For the NXP PCA9673
- "nxp,pca9674": For the NXP PCA9674
- "nxp,pca9675": For the NXP PCA9675
- "nxp,pcf8574": For the NXP PCF8574
- "nxp,pcf8574a": For the NXP PCF8574A
- "nxp,pcf8575": For the NXP PCF8575
- "ti,tca9554": For the TI TCA9554
- reg: I2C slave address.
- gpio-controller: Marks the device node as a gpio controller.
- #gpio-cells: Should be 2. The first cell is the GPIO number and the second
cell specifies GPIO flags, as defined in <dt-bindings/gpio/gpio.h>. Only the
GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH and GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW flags are supported.
Optional Properties:
- lines-initial-states: Bitmask that specifies the initial state of each
line. When a bit is set to zero, the corresponding line will be initialized to
the input (pulled-up) state. When the bit is set to one, the line will be
initialized the low-level output state. If the property is not specified
all lines will be initialized to the input state.
The I/O expander can detect input state changes, and thus optionally act as
an interrupt controller. When the expander interrupt line is connected all the
following properties must be set. For more information please see the
interrupt controller device tree bindings documentation available at
- interrupt-controller: Identifies the node as an interrupt controller.
- #interrupt-cells: Number of cells to encode an interrupt source, shall be 2.
- interrupt-parent: phandle of the parent interrupt controller.
- interrupts: Interrupt specifier for the controllers interrupt.
Please refer to gpio.txt in this directory for details of the common GPIO
bindings used by client devices.
Example: PCF8575 I/O expander node
pcf8575: gpio@20 {
compatible = "nxp,pcf8575";
reg = <0x20>;
interrupt-parent = <&irqpin2>;
interrupts = <3 0>;
#gpio-cells = <2>;
#interrupt-cells = <2>;